Conflict and Fragility

2074-3637 (en ligne)
2074-3645 (imprimé)
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This series of books from OECD's Development Co-operation Directorate address the issues of violent conflict and fragile governments in developing countries, and how aid can be designed to reduce violence and strengthen governments.

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Gender and Statebuilding in Fragile and Conflict-affected States

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28 oct 2013
Pages :
9789264202061 (PDF) ;9789264202115(imprimé)

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This publication provides an overview of the key issues, challenges and opportunities for ensuring more systematic consideration of gender issues in statebuilding in fragile and conflict-affected countries. It makes the case for gender-sensitive statebuilding based on the inherent value of gender equality as well as its contribution to better development outcomes and the achievement of peacebuilding and statebuilding goals. The report also spells out some of the contextual challenges and operational constraints that stifle progress in this area. Based on a series of empirical examples of donor practices, the report finally distills key success factors and concrete entry points for tackling these challenges and achieving a more effective, more politically informed approach to integrating gender into statebuilding.

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  • Foreword and Acknowledgements

    When I visited Camp Corail, Haiti, in 2011 as Norway’s Development Minister, a young woman welcomed me into her house. I listened to her story: her surroundings had descended into chaos following the earthquake and sexual assault had become a constant threat. One day the young woman was raped. After surviving the ordeal, she found out that she was pregnant.

  • Executive summary

    Integrating a gender perspective into international support to statebuilding is key to improving the quality of international engagement in fragile states. This means basing all interventions on an understanding of the distinct experiences of men and women and acting on opportunities to promote gender equality in these contexts. It is essential because gender equality is important in its own right and statebuilding processes offer opportunities to advance it. At the same time, promoting gender equality and adopting gender-sensitive statebuilding approaches can strengthen peace and development.

  • Introduction

    Statebuilding and the specific challenges facing fragile and conflictaffected states (FCAS) are moving up the international agenda with the signing of the New Deal on International Engagement in Fragile States in Busan in December 2011 and publication of the World Bank’s 2011 World Development Report, Conflict, Security and Development. The OECDDAC International Network on Conflict and Fragility (OECD-INCAF) has produced extensive policy guidance, the 2011 Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility, that has been adopted by most donors and reflects the current international thinking on statebuilding. This guidance recognises the political nature of statebuilding, and in particular the importance of paying greater attention to the complex power dynamics in these settings. However, the guidance did not address how to integrate a gender perspective across these issues and the role that gender inequalities and identities play in shaping the statebuilding process.

  • Why integrate a gender perspective into statebuilding?

    This chapter sets the scene by defining key concepts that are used in this publication and by reviewing the rationale for integrating a gender perspective into statebuilding programmes. It explains how a more gender-sensitive approach can enhance statebuilding outcomes. It also shows how a more politically informed approach to gender equality can improve the effectiveness of interventions.

  • Addressing the challenges and limitations of current international approaches to integrating a gender perspective in statebuilding

    Chapter 2 outlines challenges donors face in integrating a gender perspective into statebuilding programmes. It finds that many of these are linked to the wider context of peacebuilding and statebuilding in fragile situations and therefore reflect tensions and trade-offs donors encounter in most programmes of support to these processes. The chapter also highlights a series of constraints within donor agencies that restrain donors’ ability to manage these contextual challenges.

  • Strategies for integrating a gender perspective into statebuilding

    This chapter highlights successful approaches to supporting gendersensitive statebuilding. It points to the need for donors to adopt a multi-pronged approach and outlines what donors can do to integrate a gender perspective in each of the areas prioritised in the Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals.

  • Key ingredients for success in integrating a gender perspective into statebuilding

    This chapter draws on examples presented in the previous chapter and further evidence from research and practice to derive key success factors in integrating a gender perspective into donor support to statebuilding in fragile and conflict-affected states.

  • Recommendations for integrating a gender perspective into statebuilding

    Based on the analysis developed in preceding chapters, Chapter 5 sets out a series of recommendations for donors to address key challenges and seize opportunities for integrating a gender perspective into their work on statebuilding in fragile and conflict-affected states.

  • Annex A – Practical examples of what donors have done to integrate gender issues across the Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals
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