Development Co-operation Reviews

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ISSN :
2074-3688 (en ligne)
DOI :
10.1787/20743688
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This series of country reviews examines the foreign aid policies and programs of donor countries and makes recommendations for improvements. 
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Development Co-operation Reviews: Denmark 1999

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Auteur(s):
OCDE
Date de publication :
07 juin 1999
Pages :
80
ISBN :
9789264173088 (PDF) ; 9789264170704 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264173088-en

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The OECD Development Assistance Committee's 1999 review of Denmark's development aid programmes and policies. It finds that Denmark is the top performer among the 22 Members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) in terms of the volume of its official development assistance (ODA). Denmark’s ODA volume has been maintained at around 1% of gross national product (GNP) since 1992, thanks to a strong consensus and public support for development aid. The quality of Denmark’s aid effort is also most impressive. In particular this high volume of aid is supported by a strong long-range strategy, whose directions - and especially the central emphasis on poverty reduction - are in harmony with the Development Partnership Strategy agreed by the DAC in 1996. Denmark has succeeded in concentrating its bilateral assistance on 20 countries, 18 of which are low-income or least developed countries. Aid is concentrated on sectors of particular relevance to the poor and on programmes in the poorest areas of these countries, thus working towards the goal of poverty reduction. Since 1996, Denmark has pursued a policy of "active multilateralism" to promote its concerns for increased focus and efficiency in multilateral aid programmes. However, there is no clear evidence that this policy has greatly advanced the intended results, as it still reflects a largely unilateral approach more than a joint endeavour. Denmark is a long-standing positive example of the integration of the aid system with other aspects of foreign relations. This approach combines policy coherence in Denmark’s relations with developing countries and professionalism in the aid programme, enhanced by an effective decentralisation of responsibility to embassies in programme countries. This integrated approach has helped Danish development assistance (Danida) to pioneer since 1994 a shift in aid implementation from project support to Sector Programme Support (SPS), an approach which should be mutually reinforcing with the DAC’s Partnership Strategy. It implies also a stepping up in co-ordination activities, both between donors and with partner countries, which Denmark has fully backed.
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Table des matières

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
CHAPTER 1 DENMARK’S DEVELOPMENT POLICY FRAMEWORK
-Overview of the Strategy 2000
-Policy focus and key goals
-Cross-cutting issues
-Aid and the civil society: the Danish resource base and NGOs
-Information, development education and public opinion
CHAPTER 2 AID MANAGEMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION
-Policy responsibility and policy coherence
-Country programming and sector concentration
-Private sector promotion
-Aid evaluation, efficiency and performance measurement
-Humanitarian assistance and transitional assistance
-Policy regarding debt forgiveness
-Official aid to Central and Eastern Europe
CHAPTER 3 BASIC PROFILES
-ODA volume and outlook
-Composition of aid
-Geographical and income distribution
-Sectoral distribution
-Tying Policy
-Aid to countries in transition
-Support from other official and private sector sources
-Debt in developing countries
ANNEX I FIELD VISITS
ANNEX II STATISTICS OF AID AND OTHER FLOWS
PRESS RELEASE OF DAC PEER REVIEW OF DENMARK
DESCRIPTION OF KEY TERMS