DAC members' aid performance in 2010
In 2010, net official development assistance (ODA) flows from DAC members reached USD 128.7 billion, representing an increase of +6.5 % over 2009. This is the highest real ODA level ever, surpassing even the volume provided in 2005 that was boosted by exceptional debt relief. Net ODA as a share of gross national income (GNI) was 0.32%, equal to 2005 and higher than any other year since 1992.
In 2010, Australia aimed to reach AUD 4 billion in ODA and achieved this. Australia delivered USD 3.85 billion in ODA in 2010, a 12.1% increase in real terms over 2009. This volume of ODA is equivalent to 0.32% of Australia’s gross national income (GNI), up from 0.29% in 2009. The increase was due to an increase in grants to least developed countries. Australia is committed to raising its ODA to GNI ratio to 0.5% by 2015-16.
Austria’s ODA volume reached USD 1.20 billion in 2010, which was the equivalent of 0.32% of GNI and an 8.8% increase in real terms over 2009. The increase is due mainly to grants for debt forgiveness.
Belgian ODA grew by 19.1% in real terms between 2009 and 2010, and reached USD 3.0 billion in 2010. The volume of Belgian ODA in 2010 is equivalent to 0.64% of its GNI, up from 0.55% in 2009. The growth in volume of Belgium’s ODA in 2010 was mainly due to an increase in debt forgiveness and bilateral grants.
Canada increased its ODA between 2009 and 2010 by almost 13% due to an increase in bilateral grants (especially emergency funding provided in response to the Haiti earthquake) and larger contributions to the World Bank. Canada’s ODA in 2010 was USD 5.13 billion (0.33 % ODA/GNI).
Denmark is one of the five most generous donors in terms of the proportion of its GNI allocated to aid. At 0.90% of GNI in 2010, Denmark’s ODA volume was USD 2.87 billion, a 4.3% increase in real terms over 2009. Denmark is committed to keeping its own target of 0.8% ODA/ GNI. Nevertheless, it will freeze its aid commitments at the 2010 nominal level for 2011-13 as part of measures to reduce its budget deficit for 2011 to 2013.
EU institutions – funded through sub-Saharan Africa (37%), followed by Europe (15%), and the Middle East and North Africa (13%). both the European Development Fund and other ODA-eligible budgetary contributions – account for around 18% of EU members’ ODA. The key figures for EU institutions in 2010 are as follows:
• ODA disbursed through EU institutions was USD 12.99 billion.
• The apparent decline on 2009 in ODA figures largely relates to exchange rate fluctuation. In real terms, there was a slight increase of 0.8%.
In 2010, Finland’s ODA amounted to USD 1.34 billion, equivalent to 0.55% of its GNI. The volume of Finnish ODA has grown over the past decade and between 2009 and 2010, the increase in real terms was 6.9%, mainly due to an increase in bilateral grants.
France’s ODA volume reached USD 12.9 billion in 2010, an increase of 7.3% in real terms compared to 2009. France’s ODA as a proportion of GNI reached a 0.5%.
In 2010, Germany was the fourth largest donor in the world, supplying almost 10% of DAC members’ total ODA. Germany’s net ODA was USD 12.72 billion, an increase of 9.9% in real terms compared to 2009. German ODA as a proportion of GNI increased from 0.35% in 2009 to 0.38% in 2010, largely as a result of increased bilateral lending.
In 2010, Greece delivered USD 500 million of ODA, representing a 16% decrease in real terms compared to 2009. Its aid volume in 2010 is equivalent to 0.17% of Greece’s GNI. The outlook for Greece’s aid volume up to 2013 is pessimistic in light of its severe recession and the economic adjustment plan being implemented with support from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Union and the European Central Bank.
Ireland’s aid volume was USD 895 million in 2010, the equivalent of 0.53% of its GNI. Its development assistance decreased by 4.9% over 2009 due to fiscal constraints. This represented a smaller decrease than in 2009. The new government programme (2011) confirms Ireland’s commitment to achieve the target of giving 0.7% of national income as aid by 2015.
Italy delivered USD 3.1 billion in ODA in 2010, a 1.5% decrease in real terms over 2009. The 2010 aid volume was equivalent to 0.15% of gross national income.
In 2010, Japan provided over USD 11 billion net ODA, up significantly from USD 9.46 billion in the previous year and in real terms an 11.8% increase. Japan’s ODA to GNI ratio in 2010 was 0.20%.
In 2010, Korea’s net ODA stood at USD 1.17 billion, an increase of 25.7% in real terms on its 2009 ODA level of USD 816 million. Its gross ODA was slightly higher at just over USD 1.2 billion in 2010. Although Korea’s ODA to GNI ratio of 0.12% is the lowest among DAC members, this is an increase on the 0.10% of GNI it achieved in 2009.
Luxembourg is one of the most generous DAC donors in terms of share of its GNI allocated to ODA. In 2010, Luxembourg net ODA amounted to USD 399 million, corresponding to 1.09% of its GNI.
In 2010, the Netherlands was the sixth largest donor, supplying 4.9% of DAC members’ total ODA (all of which is provided in the form of grants). The Netherlands’ net ODA was USD 6.35 billion, an increase of 2.2% in real terms over 2009. Dutch ODA as a proportion of GNI contracted slightly from 0.82% in 2009 to 0.81% in 2010.
New Zealand delivered USD 353 million in net ODA in 2010, a -3.9% change in real terms over 2009. The ODA to GNI ratio slightly diminished, from 0.28% in 2009 to 0.26 in 2010. Despite strong pressure on public spending, New Zealand plans to continue to increase ODA following a medium-term expenditure plan, raising the level to USD 416 million by 2012-13.
In 2010, Norway achieved 1.1% in ODA/GNI, an outstanding achievement. Norway was the ninth largest donor in the world in 2010, supplying 3.5% of DAC members’ total ODA. In 2010, Norway’s net ODA was USD 4.58 billion, an increase of 3.6% in real terms over 2009. The increase is mainly due to increasing efforts to promote clean energy and reduce deforestation.
In 2010, Portugal’s net ODA was USD 648 million, a 31.5% increase in real terms over the 2009 ODA level. Portugal’s ODA to GNI ratio in 2010 was 0.29%.
After steady ODA increases until 2009, the strong impact of the global economic crisis forced the Spanish government to make cuts in its development budget in 2010. Development assistance reached USD 5.9 billion, which meant that Spain’s aid dropped by 5.9% between 2009 and 2010. Spain’s ODA/GNI ratio dropped to 0.43%. Nonetheless, Spain maintains its commitment to the international target to reach 0.7% by 2015.
In all years between 2005 and 2010, Sweden has allocated more than 0.9% of GNI to ODA. In 2010 Sweden’s ODA to GNI ratio was 0.97%. Swedish ODA stood at USD 4.5 billion net, a slight decline from 2009, but in real terms a decline of around 7% from 2009.
The United Kingdom (UK) delivered USD 13.8 billion in net ODA in 2010. In real terms, UK net ODA increased by 14.5% in 2008-09, and by 19.4% in 2009-10. The UK’s ODA was equivalent to 0.56% of GNI in 2010.
The United States (US) provides about a quarter of global development assistance and remains by far the largest DAC donor, reaching record levels of USD 30 billion in 2010, up from USD 28.8 billion in 2009. ODA as a percentage of GNI was 0.21% in 2010.
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