OECD Working Papers on International Investment

State-to-State dispute settlement and the interpretation of investment treaties
ISSN: 
1815-1957 (online)
DOI: 
10.1787/18151957
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Selected studies on international investment and investment policy prepared for use within the OECD. They address such issues as investment agreements, dispute settlement, fair and equitable treatment, most favored nation treatment, and corruption.
 
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  N° 2016/03   13 Sep 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlr71rq1j30-en.pdf
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State-to-State dispute settlement and the interpretation of investment treaties
David Gaukrodger
Many governments have expressed concerns about the uncertainty linked to the perceived inconsistency of treaty interpretation in Investor-State dispute settlement (ISDS). An OECD-hosted intergovernmental investment roundtable has been considering a...
  N° 2016/02   14 June 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlwrrf038nx-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/investment-policies-related-to-national-security_5jlwrrf038nx-en
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Investment Policies Related to National Security
Frédéric Wehrlé, Joachim Pohl
While many countries have become ever more open and welcoming for foreign investment, the awareness of risks for national security stemming from or related to international investment has increased. Many governments have thus introduced policies that...
  N° 2016/01   10 Feb 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm3xgt6f29w-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/the-legal-framework-applicable-to-joint-interpretive-agreements-of-investment-treaties_5jm3xgt6f29w-en
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The legal framework applicable to joint interpretive agreements of investment treaties
David Gaukrodger
Governments have been examining the potential role of joint government interpretations of investment treaties at OECD-hosted intergovernmental investment roundtables. Now well-established in the model BITs and treaty practice of the NAFTA...
  N° 2015/03   10 Dec 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp0z9lp1zr-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/currency-based-measures-targeting-banks-balancing-national-regulation-of-risk-and-financial-openness_5jrp0z9lp1zr-en
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Currency-based measures targeting banks - Balancing national regulation of risk and financial openness
Annamaria de Crescenzio, Marta Golin, Anne-Christelle Ott
This paper presents and analyses new datasets of de jure Currency-Based Measures (CBMs) directed at banks in a sample of 49 countries between 2005 and 2013. These measures are bank regulations that apply a discrimination−e.g. a less favourable...
  N° 2015/02   16 Jan 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js7rhd8sq7h-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/investment-treaties-over-time-treaty-practice-and-interpretation-in-a-changing-world_5js7rhd8sq7h-en
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Investment Treaties over Time - Treaty Practice and Interpretation in a Changing World
Kathryn Gordon, Joachim Pohl
Investment treaty law reflects a permanent tension between stability and flexibility. Stability nurtures predictability, while flexibility helps legal systems stay in alignment with changing circumstances and evolving needs. This paper establishes an...
  N° 2015/01   14 Jan 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js7svp0jkns-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/the-policy-landscape-for-international-investment-by-government-controlled-investors_5js7svp0jkns-en
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The Policy Landscape for International Investment by Government-controlled Investors
Yuri Shima
Government-controlled investors, including state-owned enterprises and sovereign wealth funds, have greatly expanded their international activities in recent years. This paper describes the existing policy landscape of international investments by...
  N° 2014/03   10 Oct 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxvk6shpvs4-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/investment-treaties-and-shareholder-claims_5jxvk6shpvs4-en
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Investment Treaties and Shareholder Claims: Analysis of Treaty Practice
David Gaukrodger
Advanced systems of domestic corporate law generally apply a “no reflective loss” principle to shareholder claims. Shareholder claims are permitted for direct injury to shareholder rights (such as voting rights). But shareholders generally cannot...
  N° 2014/02   23 July 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz0xvgngmr3-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/investment-treaties-and-shareholder-claims-for-reflective-loss-insights-from-advanced-systems-of-corporate-law_5jz0xvgngmr3-en
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Investment Treaties and Shareholder Claims for Reflective Loss: Insights from Advanced Systems of Corporate Law
David Gaukrodger
Corporate law in advanced domestic legal systems on the one hand, and typical treaties for the protection of foreign investment on the other hand, treat claims for damages by company shareholders differently. Advanced domestic systems generally bar...
  N° 2014/01   23 July 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz0xvgx1zlt-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/investment-treaty-law-sustainable-development-and-responsible-business-conduct-a-fact-finding-survey_5jz0xvgx1zlt-en
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Investment Treaty Law, Sustainable Development and Responsible Business Conduct: A Fact Finding Survey
Kathryn Gordon, Joachim Pohl, Marie Bouchard
Investment treaty law – which is scattered over 3 000 international investment agreements adopted over a period of 50 years – is a crucial but complex basis for regulating international investment flows. Investment treaties are often thought to be...
  N° 2013/04   18 Dec 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3tsjsl5fvh-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/temporal-validity-of-international-investment-agreements_5k3tsjsl5fvh-en
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Temporal Validity of International Investment Agreements
Joachim Pohl
International investment agreements (IIAs) almost universally define their temporal validity and thus set conditions for States’ exit from these treaties. This study presents the results of the survey of language that determines the temporal validity...
  N° 2013/03   19 Nov 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3w9t44mt0v-en.pdf
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Investment Treaties as Corporate Law: Shareholder Claims and Issues of Consistency
David Gaukrodger
Claims by company shareholders seeking damages from governments for so-called "reflective loss" now make up a substantial part of the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) caseload. (Shareholders’ reflective loss is incurred as a result of injury...
  N° 2013/02   30 July 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4376zqcpf1-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/lessons-from-investment-policy-reform-in-korea_5k4376zqcpf1-en
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Lessons from Investment Policy Reform in Korea
Françoise Nicolas, Stephen Thomsen, Mi-Hyun Bang
As more and more countries seek to liberalise their foreign investment regimes to attract global flows of foreign direct investment (FDI), an essential question for policy-makers is no longer just what to reform but also how to reform. How is a...
  N° 2013/01   29 May 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k469l1hmvbt-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/china-investment-policy_5k469l1hmvbt-en
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China Investment Policy
Ken Davies
This working paper examines China’s investment policy since the publication of the 2008 OECD Investment Policy Review of China. China remains the largest recipient of FDI among developing countries and FDI continues to play a disproportionately large...
  N° 2012/03   31 Dec 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46b1r85j6f-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/investor-state-dispute-settlement_5k46b1r85j6f-en
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Investor-State Dispute Settlement
David Gaukrodger, Kathryn Gordon
Governments are facing an increasing number of arbitration claims by foreign investors relating to important public policies or seeking substantial damages, and many governments are taking a greater joint interest in how such cases are resolved in...
  N° 2012/02   14 Dec 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8xb71nf628-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/dispute-settlement-provisions-in-international-investment-agreements_5k8xb71nf628-en
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Dispute Settlement Provisions in International Investment Agreements
Joachim Pohl, Kekeletso Mashigo, Alexis Nohen
Investor-State dispute settlement mechanisms (ISDS) are an important component of most International Investment Agreements (IIAs) and have significant influence on how disputes between States and investors are resolved. This statistical survey of a...
  N° 2012/01   12 June 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k97g3x674lq-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/corporate-greenhouse-gas-emission-reporting_5k97g3x674lq-en
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Corporate Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting
Céline Kauffmann, Cristina Tébar Less, Dorothee Teichmann
This paper provides an overview of current government schemes promoting corporate reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and analyses their main building blocks. It describes the drivers and challenges for governments, companies and investors in...
  N° 2011/02   01 Sep 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg58j1cvcvk-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/defining-and-measuring-green-fdi_5kg58j1cvcvk-en
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Defining and Measuring Green FDI
Stephen S. Golub, Céline Kauffmann, Philip Yeres
This paper was developed at the request of the OECD Working Party of the Investment Committee to document efforts to date to define and measure green FDI and to investigate the practicability of various possible definitions, as well as to identify...
  N° 2011/01   01 June 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg9mq7scrjh-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/environmental-concerns-in-international-investment-agreements_5kg9mq7scrjh-en
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Environmental Concerns in International Investment Agreements
Kathryn Gordon, Joachim Pohl
International investment agreements define commitments on investment protection, but also shed light on how these commitments are to be integrated with other public policy objectives. Investment protection in the context of environmental regulation...
  N° 2010/03   01 Aug 2010
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km91p02zj7g-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/oecd-s-fdi-restrictiveness-index_5km91p02zj7g-en
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OECD's FDI Restrictiveness Index
Blanka Kalinova, Angel Palerm, Stephen Thomsen
The 2010 update of the FDI Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) expands the sectors covered and revises the way in which FDI measures are scored and weighted. The FDI Index is now available for all OECD Members, adherents to the Declaration on...
  N° 2010/02   01 Aug 2010
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km91p0ksqs7-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/foreign-state-immunity-and-foreign-government-controlled-investors_5km91p0ksqs7-en
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Foreign State Immunity and Foreign Government Controlled Investors
David Gaukrodger
Discussions at the “Freedom of Investment” Roundtables, hosted by the OECD Investment Committee, have stressed that increased investments by foreign State-controlled investors can bring significant benefits to home and host societies, but have also...
  N° 2010/01   01 May 2010
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmfq1njzl35-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/intellectual-property-rights-in-international-investment-agreements_5kmfq1njzl35-en
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Intellectual Property Rights in International Investment Agreements
Lahra Liberti
This article provides an overview of recent developments in investment treaty practice with regard to the protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs). The analysis departs from traditional IPR studies developed almost exclusively in the context...
  N° 2006/04   01 Dec 2006
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/112474484663.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/oecd-s-fdi-regulatory-restrictiveness-index_112474484663
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OECD's FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index
Takeshi Koyama, Stephen S. Golub
This paper provides a revised measure of regulatory restrictions on inward foreign direct investment (FDI) for OECD countries and extends the approach to 13 non-member countries. The methodology is largely similar to that adopted in the previous...
  N° 2006/03   01 Oct 2006
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/415453814578.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/interpretation-of-the-umbrella-clause-in-investment-agreements_415453814578
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Interpretation of the Umbrella Clause in Investment Agreements
Katia Yannaca-Small
This paper was prepared by Katia Yannaca-Small, Legal Advisor, Investment Division, Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs, OECD. Thanks are due to Catriona Paterson, a consultant to the Investment Division, for research input. It has been...
  N° 2006/02   01 Mar 2006
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/416335763425.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/investor-to-state-dispute-settlement-in-infrastructure-projects_416335763425
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Investor-to-State Dispute Settlement in Infrastructure Projects
Catriona Paterson
This paper was prepared in the context of the Investment Committee’s project on International Investor Participation in Infrastructure. It summarises information available in the public domain about investor-state dispute settlements in the...
  N° 2006/01   01 Feb 2006
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/631230863687.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/improving-the-system-of-investor-state-dispute-settlement_631230863687
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Improving the System of Investor-State Dispute Settlement
Katia Yannaca-Small
Investor-state dispute settlement mechanisms embodied in most investment treaties provide rights to foreign investors to seek redress for damages arising out of alleged breaches by host governments of investment-related obligations. The system of...
  N° 2005/03   01 Sep 2005
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/713775068163.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/corporate-responsibility-practices-of-emerging-market-companies_713775068163
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Corporate Responsibility Practices of Emerging Market Companies
Jeremy Baskin, Kathryn Gordon
Emerging market companies make up 3.8 per cent of the FT500, the 500 largest global traded companies1 and 4.6 per cent of the Dow Jones Global Index of 2,500 companies. OECD statistics show that, while the bulk of international investment flows...
  N° 2005/02   01 Sep 2005
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/722274062346.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/multilateral-influences-on-the-oecd-guidelines-for-multinational-enterprises_722274062346
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Multilateral Influences on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
Kathryn Gordon, Clelia Mitidieri
The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (the “Guidelines”) are one of many intergovernmental instruments that seek to promote economic, social and environmental progress. The OECD Guidelines do this by establishing concepts and principles...
  N° 2005/01   01 May 2005
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/524613550768.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/transparency-and-third-party-participation-in-investor-state-dispute-settlement-procedures_524613550768
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Transparency and Third Party Participation in Investor-State Dispute Settlement Procedures
OECD
The present document surveys the issues related to transparency and third party participation in investor-state dispute settlement procedures. Section I examines the way in which the current rules apply to these issues. Section II describes the steps...
  N° 2004/06   01 Dec 2004
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/310312530030.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/mobilising-investment-for-development_310312530030
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Mobilising Investment for Development
Thuc Duc Le, Thi Thanh Ha Nguyen, Thu Hang Nguyen, Thi Hanh Tran
The Vietnamese economy was in the doldrums in the 1980s and until a certain progress had been made in the context of Doi Moi there was little incentive for businesses to invest. The following reasons are commonly given for the sluggish economic...
  N° 2004/05   01 Nov 2004
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/337561142021.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/oda-and-investment-for-development_337561142021
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ODA and Investment for Development
Hans Christiansen
The present paper was prepared in the context of a joint project between the OECD Investment Committee (IC) and Development Assistance Committee (DAC) on Official Development Assistance and Investment for Development. It responds to discussions at...
  N° 2004/04   01 Sep 2004
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/780155872321.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/indirect-expropriation-and-the-right-to-regulate-in-international-investment-law_780155872321
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"Indirect Expropriation" and the "Right to Regulate" in International Investment Law
OECD
It is a well recognised rule in international law that the property of aliens cannot be taken, whether for public purposes or not, without adequate compensation. Two decades ago, the disputes before the courts and the discussions in academic...
  N° 2004/03   01 Sep 2004
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/675702255435.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/fair-and-equitable-treatment-standard-in-international-investment-law_675702255435
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Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard in International Investment Law
OECD
The obligation to provide “fair and equitable treatment” is often stated, together with other standards, as part of the protection due to foreign direct investment by host countries. It is an “absolute”, “non-contingent” standard of treatment, i.e. a...
  N° 2004/02   01 Sep 2004
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/518757021651.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/most-favoured-nation-treatment-in-international-investment-law_518757021651
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Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment in International Investment Law
OECD
Bilateral and regional investment agreements have proliferated in the last decade and new ones are still being negotiated. Most-Favoured-Nation (MFN) clauses link investment agreements by ensuring that the parties to one treaty provide treatment no...
  N° 2004/01   01 May 2004
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/171461325566.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/relationships-between-international-investment-agreements_171461325566
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Relationships between International Investment Agreements
Marie-France Houde, Katia Yannaca-Small
International, bilateral and regional agreements have proliferated in the last ten years to twenty years and new ones are still being negotiated. It is thus virtually certain that for some more time to come international investment disciplines will...
  N° 2003/02   01 June 2003
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/870734534651.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/business-approaches-to-combating-corrupt-practices_870734534651
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Business Approaches to Combating Corrupt Practices
OECD
The international business community’s anti-corruption efforts are essential parts of broader systems for fighting corrupt business practices. These also include formal law enforcement, where an appropriate regulatory framework is already in place,...
  N° 2003/01   01 Mar 2003
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/631632456403.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/incentives-based-competition-for-foreign-direct-investment_631632456403
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Incentives-based Competition for Foreign Direct Investment
Hans Christiansen, Charles Oman, Andrew Charlton
The general benefits of attracting foreign direct investment (FDI), and the potential of FDI as a tool for regional economic development in particular, are commonly recognised by policy makers and analysts. A recent study prepared under the auspices...
  N° 2002/02   01 June 2002
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/434666605557.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/managing-working-conditions-in-the-supply-chain_434666605557
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Managing Working Conditions in the Supply Chain
OECD
The expanding geographical sweep of supply chains reflects important advances in the area of logistics management. Some of these advances are linked to progress in computing, telecommunications and robotics technologies as well as to the accumulation...
  N° 2002/01   01 May 2002
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/410036718701.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/multinational-enterprises-in-situations-of-violent-conflict-and-widespread-human-rights-abuses_410036718701
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Multinational Enterprises in Situations of Violent Conflict and Widespread Human Rights Abuses
OECD
In response to enquiries about foreign investment in Myanmar, the Committee for International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (CIME) asked the Secretariat to prepare a paper, under the responsibility of the latter, that would provide...
  N° 2001/06   01 May 2001
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/206157234626.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/codes-of-corporate-conduct_206157234626
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Codes of Corporate Conduct
OECD
Based on a slight extension of the inventory of 233 codes of corporate conduct collected for an earlier study (TD/TC/WP(98)74/FINAL), this paper takes a more in-depth look at the contents of the codes with respect to issue coverage and code...
  N° 2001/05   01 Dec 2001
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/302255465771.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/the-oecd-guidelines-and-other-corporate-responsibility-instruments_302255465771
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The OECD Guidelines and Other Corporate Responsibility Instruments
Kathryn Gordon
The OECD Guidelines are recommendations by governments to multinational enterprises (MNEs) operating in or from the 33 countries that adhere to the Guidelines. The Guidelines help ensure that MNEs act in harmony with the policies of countries in...
  N° 2001/04   01 Feb 2001
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/618786830625.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/public-policy-and-voluntary-initiatives_618786830625
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Public Policy and Voluntary Initiatives
OECD
Government involvement in “voluntary” initiatives for corporate responsibility has been extensive. This chapter reviews four main types of involvement -- legal and regulatory incentives, tax expenditures on the NGO sector, contributions to compliance...
  N° 2001/03   01 Feb 2001
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/525708844763.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/making-codes-of-corporate-conduct-work_525708844763
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Making Codes of Corporate Conduct Work
OECD
Many companies have implemented programmes that help them to respond to societal concerns about the economic, social and environmental impacts of their activities. These help them to manage their compliance with legal or regulatory requirements and...
  N° 2001/02   01 Feb 2001
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/701174424371.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/corporate-responsibility_701174424371
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Corporate Responsibility
OECD
In the ongoing public debate on globalisation, concerns have been expressed about the economic, social and environmental impacts of deepening international trade and investment ties and about the activities of the multinational enterprises. These...
  N° 2001/01   01 Feb 2001
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/816826411085.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/private-initiatives-for-corporate-responsibility_816826411085
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Private Initiatives for Corporate Responsibility
OECD
Voluntary initiatives in the area of corporate responsibility have been among the major trends in international business in recent years. Business surveys show that most large OECD-based multinational enterprises have participated in this trend in...
  N° 2000/05   01 Nov 2000
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/361306126481.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/recent-trends-policies-and-challenges-in-see-countries_361306126481
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Recent Trends, Policies and Challenges in SEE Countries
OECD
In the wake of the Balkan crisis, the Central and East European transition countries have been put into two groups, the seven South-East European countries (SEEC-7) and the five Central European countries (CEEC-5). SEEC-7 have not only been more...
  N° 2000/04   01 Dec 2000
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/321677880185.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/main-determinants-and-impacts-of-foreign-direct-investment-on-china-s-economy_321677880185
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Main Determinants and Impacts of Foreign Direct Investment on China's Economy
OECD
The present note summarises the main findings of the research conducted under the auspices of the OECD/MOFTEC Co-operation Programme on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) between the fall 1999 and the spring 2000 on Main Determinants and Impacts of FDI...
  N° 2000/03   01 July 2000
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/074887667067.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/lithuania_074887667067
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Lithuania
OECD
The present study was prepared in the third quarter of 1999 as a background study to a Conference organised by the OECD Committee on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (CIME), in collaboration with the Centre for Co-operation with...
  N° 2000/02   01 Apr 2000
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/150177306672.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/investment-patterns-in-a-longer-term-perspective_150177306672
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Investment Patterns in a Longer-Term Perspective
Stephen Thomsen
Reports on trends in international direct investment tend to focus on recent developments. While such information is clearly of most relevance for policymakers and others interested in the pace and scale of globalisation, it fails to provide any...
  N° 2000/01   01 Mar 2000
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/082658020086.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/business-approaches-to-combating-bribery_082658020086
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Business Approaches to Combating Bribery
Kathryn Gordon, Maiko Miyake
Bribery is becoming a high priority public concern and the legal framework and enforcement apparatus used in the fight against it are being developed in the OECD and elsewhere. Reflecting these civic and legal pressures, firms now often deal with...
  N° 1999/03   01 Nov 1999
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/044824660786.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/rules-for-the-global-economy_044824660786
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Rules for the Global Economy
Kathryn Gordon
This paper explores the differences, similarities and synergies between voluntary and binding approaches to international rules. Voluntary efforts to ensure that firms adhere to appropriate standards of business conduct have been an important recent...
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