OECD Reviews of Foreign Direct Investment

2074-3734 (online)
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This series presents country reviews of foreign direct investment programs and policies.  The reviews generally open with a description of the current trends in FDI for the country covered and then examine the institutional and legal framework for FDI.  Both OECD and non-OECD countries are covered.
Also available in French
OECD Reviews of Foreign Direct Investment: Estonia 2001

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22 Aug 2001
9789264194953 (PDF) ;9789264195219(print)

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OECD's review of foreign direct investment policy in Estonia. It finds that since regaining its independence in 1991, Estonia has undergone a remarkable economic transformation. By the end of 2000, it had received some US$2.65 billion in foreign direct investment (FDI), principally from European countries and the United States, and invested some US$443 million in the other Baltic countries. FDI has financed green-field investment, mergers and acquisitions, as well as the privatisation of state-owned-enterprises.

Creating favourable conditions for FDI and openness to foreign trade have been key elements of Estonia’s economic strategy. Estonia has been included in the first wave of accession of new Members to the European Union and it joined the World Trade Organisation in 2000. The revamping of the old regime and privatisation are practically complete, and special attention is being given to reducing bureaucracy and regulation further. Very few restrictions to FDI remain. Estonia now faces the challenge of keeping up with the competition and catching up with the richer nations. On 26 July 2001, Estonia became eligible for adherence to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. This will help to consolidate Estonia's recent achievements and further expand its economic relations with OECD countries and other adherents to the Declaration.
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Foreign Direct Investment Trends, Factors, and Prospects
-Flows and Stocks of FDI
-Countries of Origin and Destination
-Distribution by Economic Activity
-Geographic Distribution
-Export Structure
-Major Investors
-Financial Structure of FDI
-Main Explanatory Factors behind FDI
-Future Perspectives
Chapter 2. Economic Impact of Foreign Direct Investment
-FDI and Fixed Capital Formation
-FDI and the Balance of Payments
-FDI and the Estonian Banking Sector
-FDI and Extonian Exports
-FDI, Employment, Productivity, and Salaries
Chapter 3. The Legal and Regulatory Framework for FDI
-General Requirements
-Sectoral Measures
-Investment Incentives and Promotion
-Government Procurement
-Investment Protection and Double Taxation
Annex 1. Summary of the Main Provisions of the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises
-National Treatment
-Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
-Incentives and Disincentives
-Conflicting Requirements
Annex 2. Estonia's Position under the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises
-Exceptions under the National Treatment Provision
-Implementation of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
Annex 3. Methodology for FDI Data Compilation in Estonia
Annex 4. Foreign Direct Investment Statistics in Adherent Countries to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises

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