Foreign direct investment (FDI)

English
DOI: 
10.1787/9a523b18-en
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Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a category of cross-border investment in which an investor resident in one economy establishes a lasting interest in and a significant degree of influence over an enterprise resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the voting power in an enterprise in one economy by an investor in another economy is evidence of such a relationship. FDI is a key element in international economic integration because it creates stable and long-lasting links between economies. FDI is an important channel for the transfer of technology between countries, promotes international trade through access to foreign markets, and can be an important vehicle for economic development. The indicators covered in this group are inward and outward values for stocks and flows and FDI restrictiveness.

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Keywords:  abroad, FDI, Foreign, direct investment
 

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  • FDI stocks

    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) stocks measure the total level of direct investment at a given point in time, usually the end of a quarter or of a year with the objective of obtaining a lasting interest in an enterprise resident in another economy.
  • FDI flows

    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows record the value of cross-border transactions related to direct investment during a given period of time, usually a quarter or a year with the objective of obtaining a lasting interest in an enterprise resident...
  • FDI restrictiveness

    FDI restrictiveness is an OECD index gauging the restrictiveness of a country’s foreign direct investment rules.
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