Voluntary Approaches for Environmental Policy

Voluntary Approaches for Environmental Policy

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11 Jan 2000
Pages :
9789264180260 (PDF) ; 9789264171312 (print)

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Voluntary approaches are schemes whereby firms make commitments to improve their environmental performance.They cover arrangements such as public voluntary programmes, negotiated agreements or unilateral commitments. Until recently, voluntary approaches have not been subject to systematic analysis, inasmuch as, unlike taxes and tradable permits, they have not been prescribed by economic theory. Voluntary approaches were "invented" by those who devise and implement them: policy-makers, business associations, individual firms, non-governmental associations, etc.

The use of voluntary approaches in environmental policy (e.g.negotiated agreements between Government and industry) is spreading and attracting growing interest in OECD countries. This book provides a systematic analysis of the different types of voluntary approaches, their economic characteristics, their role and effectiveness.

Also available in: French
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Table of Contents

1. Summary, Conclusions, and Policy Recommendations
2. Introduction
Part I: Voluntary Approaches Viewed in Isolation
3. New Case Studies
4. Environmental Effectiveness of Voluntary Approaches
5. Economic Efficiency of Voluntary Approaches
6. Administration and Transaction Costs
7. Implementation Issues
8. Comparison of Voluntary Approaches and Tradable Permit Systems
Part II. Voluntary Approaches as Part of Policy Packages
9. Introduction
10. Voluntary Approaches Used in Combination with Environmental Permit Systems
11. Voluntary Approaches Used in Combination with Environmentally Motivated Subsidies
12. Voluntary Approaches Used in Combination with Taxes or Charges
13. Voluntary Approaches Used in Combination with Emission Trading Systems