OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, Section 2

Effects on Biotic Systems

English
ISSN: 
2074-5761 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/20745761
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The OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals is a collection of about 150 of the most relevant internationally agreed testing methods used by government, industry and independent laboratories to identify and characterise potential hazards of chemicals. They are a set of tools for professionals, used primarily in regulatory safety testing and subsequent chemical and chemical product notification, chemical registration and in chemical evaluation. They can also be used for the selection and ranking of candidate chemicals during the development of new chemicals and products and in toxicology research. This group of tests covers effects on biotic systems.

Also available in French
 
Test No. 220: Enchytraeid Reproduction Test

Test No. 220: Enchytraeid Reproduction Test You or your institution have access to this content

English
Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/9723011e.pdf
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Author(s):
OECD
29 July 2016
Pages:
24
ISBN:
9789264264472 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264264472-en

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This Test Guideline is designed to be used for assessing the effects of chemicals on the reproductive output of the enchytraeid worm, Enchytraeus albidus Henle 1873, in soil.

Adult enchytraeid worms are exposed to a range of concentrations of the test substance mixed into an artificial soil. Ten worms are randomly allocated to each test vessel. A range-finding test should be used, for two weeks, in case of no sufficient information. The duration of the definitive test is six weeks. At the end the total number of juveniles produced by parent animal and the survival of parent animals are assessed. The limit test corresponds to one dose level of 1000 mg/kg. The study report should include the adult morphological changes, the number of offspring. The reproductive output of the animals exposed to the test substance is compared to that of the control(s) in order to determine the no observed effect concentration (NOEC) and/or ECx by using a regression model to estimate the concentration that would cause a x % reduction in reproductive output. The test concentrations should bracket the ECx so that the ECx then comes from interpolation rather than extrapolation.

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