Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development

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Author(s):
OECD
11 July 2001
Pages:
420
ISBN:
9789264193185 (PDF) ;9789264186958(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264193185-en

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How can we meet the needs of today without diminishing the capacity of future generations to meet theirs? This is the central question posed by "sustainable development". OECD countries committed themselves to sustainable development at the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio, yet - almost ten years later - progress accomplished remains partial and uneven. Drawing on analysis carried forward in response to a mandate from OECD Ministers in 1998, this report stresses the urgency to address some of the most pressing challenges for sustainable development. It reviews the conceptual foundations of sustainable development, its measurement, and the institutional reforms needed to make it operational. It then discusses how international trade and investment, as well as development co-operation, can contribute to sustainable development on a global basis, and reviews the experience of OECD countries in using market-based, regulatory and technology policies to reach sustainability goals in a cost-effective way. The report also provides an in-depth analysis of policies designed to address key threats to sustainability in the areas of climate change and natural resource management, as well as of those that respond to sustainability concerns at the sectoral and sub-national level. The common thrust of the report is that substantial opportunities exist to make economic growth, environmental protection, and social development mutually reinforcing.

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Section 1. Understanding Sustainable Development
Chapter 1. Economic, Environmental, and Social Trends by Marco Mira d'Ercole and Lars Mortensen
Chapter 2. Key Features and Principles by Marco Mira d'Ercole and Jan Keppler
Chapter 3. Measurement by Carl Obst and Georges Lemaitre
Section II. Enhancing Sustainable Development in OECD Countries
Chapter 4. Institutions and Decision Making by Frederic Bouder and Jeremy Eppel
Chapter 5. Policy Instruments by Jean-Philippe Barde and Helen Mountford
Chapter 6. Technology by Yukiko Fukasaku and Ki Joon Jung
Chapter 7 Experience in OECD Countries by Paul O'Brien and Ann Vourc'h
Section III. Globalisation and Sustainable Development
Chapter 8. International Trade and Investment by Maria Maher, Dale Andrew, Fabienne Fortanier, and Cristina Tebar Less
Chapter 9. Strategies for Non-Member Countries by Remi Paris, Peter Borkey, and Brendan Gillespie
Section IV. Cross-Sectoral Issues
Chapter 10. Natural Resource Management by Ola Flaaten and Wilfrid Legg
Chapter 11. Climate Change by Jan Corfee-Morlot and Noreen Beg
Section V. Sectoral and Territorial Approaches
Chapter 12. Energy by Kristi Varangu, Jonathan Pershing, and Jan Keppler
Chapter 13. Transport by John White
Chapter 14. Agriculture by Ronald Steenblik and Wilfrid Legg
Chapter 15. Manufacturing by Candice Stevens and John Newman
Chapter 16. Territorial Development by Josef Konvitz and Liz Mills

 
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