OECD Environmental Performance Reviews

1990-0090 (online)
1990-0104 (print)
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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies.

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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Sweden 2004

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04 Oct 2004
9789264108592 (PDF) ;9789264108585(print)

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This review of Sweden’s environmental performance takes stock of Sweden’s environmental performance since the last review done in 1996.  It finds that Sweden has benefited from solid institutional and regulatory frameworks, extensive use of economic instruments, and significant planning and legislative reform.  To meet its Environmental Quality Objectives, Sweden will need to implement more efficient environmental policies, further integrate environmental concerns with other policy, and further strengthen international environmental cooperation.  The report makes 44 recommendations to help strengthen Sweden’s environmental performance in the context of sustainable development. 

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  • Conclusions and Recommendations

    Environmental issues and sustainable development have remained high on Sweden’s agenda, in a context of low population and moderate economic growth. Environmental issues in Sweden also have a strong international aspect because of regional economic and environmental interdependencies (e.g. regarding Baltic Sea pollution, transboundary air pollution and Nordic co-operation), because of Sweden’s 1995 entry into the European Union and because of its strong commitment on global environmental issues such as climate change, persistent ...

  • Implementing Environmental Policies

    Legislative reform: the Environmental Code; Planning reform: environmental quality objectives and targets; Decentralised inspection and enforcement; Extensive use of economic instruments; Environmentally proactive industry

  • Water Management

    Attention to aquatic habitat; Persistent acidification and eutrophication; The Baltic Sea; Heavy metal pollution from old mine tailings; Innovation in waste water management

  • Nature Conservation and Biodiversity

    Forest protection and sustainable forestry; Protection of agricultural landscape; Nature protection at local level; Shore protection

  • Environmental-Economic Interface

    Sustainable development: progress on decoupling; Sustainable development: strategy, institutions; Sustainable development: green tax shift; Environment-energy integration; Environment-transport integration; Environmental expenditure

  • Environmental-Social Interface

    Social context; Environmental employment; Progress with public access to courts; Distributional aspects of environmental policies; Sámi development policies

  • Health and Environment

    Public health for all; Indoor environmental exposure; Cost-effectiveness of chemical regulations; Access to green areas for physical exercise

  • International Co-Operation

    Going beyond Kyoto; Reducing air pollution from ships; Restoring shared fish stocks; Protecting marine ecosystems

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