OECD Environmental Performance Reviews

1990-0090 (online)
1990-0104 (print)
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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies.

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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Slovak Republic 2011

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10 Nov 2011
9789264121836 (PDF) ;9789264121829(print)

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This 2011 review of the Slovak Republic's environmental policies and programmes covers recent developments, greening growth, implementation of environmental policies, climate change and energy, agriculture and the environment and international cooperation.
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  • Foreword
    Since joining the OECD in 2000, and the European Union in 2004, the Slovak Republic has made major strides in protecting the environment and enhancing the quality of life of its people. Despite growing at the fastest rate among OECD countries from 2000.08, the Slovak Republic managed to stabilise or reduce emissions of a range of pollutants. Positioned at the heart of Europe, it has actively pursued environmental co.operation with its neighbours, particularly for the protection of wetlands. However, much remains to be done. The energy consumed, and pollution produced, to generate each unit of GDP is among the highest in the OECD, and Slovakia has paid a high price for a series of floods in recent years.
  • Preface
    The present report reviews the environmental performance of the Slovak Republic since the previous review in 2002. Progress in achieving domestic objectives and international commitments provides the basis for assessing environmental performance. Such objectives and commitments may be broad aims, qualitative goals, or quantitative targets. A distinction is made between intentions, actions and results. Assessment of environmental performance is also placed within the context of a country’s historical environmental record, present state of the environment, physical endowment in natural resources, economic conditions, and demographic trends.
  • General notes
  • Executive summary
    The Slovak Republic is a small, land-locked country at the heart of Europe. Environmental co.operation with its five neighbouring countries is correspondingly important: Slovakia is both a major source and a recipient of transboundary air pollution; it shares watercourses which are subject to floods and transboundary pollution; and it is at the intersection of important ecosystems and hence host to rich biodiversity.
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Sustainable Development

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    • Developments since the 2002 review
      This chapter presents the main features of the Slovak economy and society as well as its natural resources endowment. It examines progress in the decoupling of environmental pressures from economic growth since 2002. This chapter also outlines the development of the framework for environmental and sustainable development policies, including the institutional setting at the national and subnational levels and the main strategies and policy initiatives launched during the review period.
    • Greening growth
      This chapter discusses the extent to which environment has contributed to the Slovakia’s economic growth over the past decade, including environmental measures as part of the fiscal stimulus implemented in response to the global economic and financial crisis. It outlines how EU accession contributed to integrating environmental concerns in economic policies, especially in financing environmental protection expenditures and reducing regional disparities in access to environmental services. Trends in environmentally related charges and taxes, and in removing environmental harmful subsidies, are also assessed. The chapter reviews efforts to promote innovation and eco-innovation as part of Slovakia’s longer term goal of boosting the productivity and competitiveness of its economy.
    • Implementation of environmental policies
      This chapter outlines the evolution of the mix of environmental policy instruments, including regulatory, economic– and information–based measures. Environmental enforcement and compliance promotion are examined, along with the promotion of public participation in environmental decision making and the extension of access to information and justice. The second half of the chapter examines the Slovak Republic’s progress in managing air, water, waste, and nature protection and biodiversity.
    • International co-operation

      This chapter reviews Slovakia’s progress in ratifying and implementing environmental international conventions. It covers transboundary air pollution and watercourses as well as trade-related agreements on corporate environmental responsibility, hazardous substances and endangered species. The chapter also outlines Slovakia’s contribution to regional co-operation on nature protection and wetland management. Progress in strengthening and mainstreaming the environment in official development assistance are also assessed.

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    • Climate change and energy

      This chapter examines Slovakia’s progress in meeting the Kyoto Protocol target, reducing the energy intensity of its economy, and increasing the use of renewable-energy sources. It assesses the factors underlying this progress, and the challenges facing Slovakia to meet its 2020 targets. The chapter reviews the institutional and policy framework for climate change mitigation and the main policy measures put in place to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in particular from electricity and heat generation, energy use and transport. The extent to which market mechanisms (such as emissions trading, energy prices and taxes, and road charges) are used to provide incentives to reduce emissions is also discussed.

    • Agriculture and environment
      This chapter examines the environmental performance of the agricultural sector, including impacts on soil, water and air. It reviews a range of policy measures that have been introduced by Slovakia to address agri-environmental issues since the transition to a market economy was initiated in the 1990s, including the removal of environmental harmful subsidies. The chapter also examines how adoption of the EU Common Agricultural Policy strengthened Slovakia’s environmental regulation of the agricultural sector, and provided incentives for agricultural activities to generate environmental benefits.
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