OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Peru 2017
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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Peru 2017

The Environmental Performance Review programme of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) provides independent assessments of countries’ progress in achieving their domestic and international environmental policy commitments, together with policy-relevant recommendations. The reviews are conducted to promote peer learning, enhance governments’ accountability to each other and to the public, and to improve countries’ environmental performance, individually and collectively. The OECD has been conducting these reviews since 1992, supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data. Each cycle of the Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD member countries and selected partner countries. The most recent reviews include: Colombia (2014), Spain (2015), Brazil (2015) and Chile (2016). The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) has promoted environmental reviews in Latin America and the Caribbean, in cooperation with the OECD, and has undertaken similar assessments in the states of Amazonas and Acre in Brazil.

Part I. Progress toward sustainable development
Chapter 1. Background and key environmental trends
Chapter 2. Policy-making environment
Chapter 3. Economy and the environment
Chapter 4. Society and environment
Chapter 5. International co-operation and commitments

Part II. Environmental quality of life
Chapter 6. Air quality management
Chapter 7. Management of waste and chemicals
Chapter 8. Water resources
Chapter 9. Biodiversity

Part III. Use of natural resources base
Chapter 10. Farming and forestry
Chapter 11. Fisheries
Chapter 12. Mining sector

Annex I: Selected Data

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This chapter presents the main characteristics and trends of the Peruvian mining sector, as well as the legal framework for the mining industry. It reviews the status of exploration and exploitation permits as well as the direct regulation of extraction and processing activities on air and water. It reviews conflict resolution mechanisms with local communities, environmental liability policy and the management of contaminated sites. The chapter discusses efforts to formalise the artisanal mining and avoid local mercury water pollution, which has led Peru to recently ratify the Minamata Convention on Mercury.

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