OECD Environmental Performance Reviews

1990-0090 (online)
1990-0104 (print)
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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies.

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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Greece 2009

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15 Mar 2010
9789264061330 (PDF) ;9789264060838(print)

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OECD's comprehensive review of Greece's environmental programs and policies, covering air and water management, nature and biodiversity, sustainable development, the environment-economy interface, the environment-social interface, and international commitments. The review includes relevant statistical information as well as a series of recommendations for strengthening environmental infrastructure, implementing environmental policy and integrating environmental concerns into economic decisions.
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  • Conclusions and Recommendations
    Between 2000 and 2008, Greece’s economy grew rapidly, on average by more than 4% per year. Per capita GDP has risen and is now close to the OECD-Europe average. The adoption of the Euro in 2001 and the public works associated to the Athens 2004 Olympics are among the major drivers of this economic growth. Greece has also been a major beneficiary of EU funds, which have contributed to modernise and develop infrastructure networks (e.g. transport, energy, water), to upgrade competitiveness and human resources and to address regional disparities. Greece has an open economy, with a relatively small industrial base and as industrial production. The tourism and construction sectors play an important and increasing role, contributing to 18% and 8.5% of GDP respectively. Greece has a longstanding tradition of maritime transport.
  • Air

    • High national air emissions
    • Urban air quality problems (ozone, fine particles)
    • Low energy intensity
    • Gradual shift to cleaner fuels
    • Investments in transport infrastructure
    • Integrated urban transport management in Attica

  • Water
    • Water use in agriculture
    • Coastal bathing waters
    • Progress in sewage treatment
    • Unauthorised abstractions and discharges
    • Water allocation 
  • Biodiversity and Nature Conservation
    • Biodiversity richness
    • Management of protected areas
    • Integration of biodiversity issues in agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism policies
    • International cooperation
    • Protecting the Pindos Mountains
  • Environmental-economic Interface
    • Decoupling environmental pressures from economic growth
    • Resource intensity
    • Sustainable development
    • Environment-related taxes and subsidies
    • Implementation of environmental policies
    • Environmental expenditure
  • Environmental-social Interface
    • Environment and health risks
    • Employment in environment-related sectors
    • Education for sustainable development
    • Environmental democracy
  • Land-use and Spatial Planning
    • Implementation: theory and practice
    • National Framework for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development
    • Cadastre and the National Forest Registry
    • Forest fires and unauthorized construction
    • Desertification
  • International Co-operation
    • Climate change
    • Trade and investment
    • Environmentally sound shipbreaking
    • Development assistance
    • Regional co-operation mechanisms
    • Marine issues
    • Desertification 
  • References
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