OECD Environment Working Papers

Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition
1997-0900 (online)
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies on environmental issues prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal authors are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language English or French with a summary in the other if available.
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  N° 72   06 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/public-financial-institutions-and-the-low-carbon-transition_5jxt3rhpgn9t-en
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Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition
Ian Cochran, Romain Hubert, Virginie Marchal, Robert Youngman
Public financial institutions (PFIs) are well-positioned to act as a key leverage point for governments’ efforts to mobilise private investment in low-carbon projects and infrastructure. The study identifies the tools, instruments and approaches used by five PFIs to directly support and...
  N° 71   07 Oct 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/tax-preferences-for-environmental-goals_5jxwrr4hkd6l-en
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Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals
James Greene, Nils Axel Braathen
This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally...
  N° 70   30 Sep 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/environmental-and-related-social-costs-of-the-tax-treatment-of-company-cars-and-commuting-expenses_5jxwrr5163zp-en
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Environmental and Related Social Costs of the Tax Treatment of Company Cars and Commuting Expenses
Rana Roy
This paper builds upon a recent OECD paper on the personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses in OECD member-countries and aims to arrive at a better understanding of the environmental and related social costs of the tax treatment described therein. The paper begins with an...
  N° 69   08 July 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/exploring-potential-data-sources-for-estimating-private-climate-finance_5jz15qwz4hs1-en
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Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance
Randy Caruso, Raphaël Jachnik
The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global...
  N° 67   16 Oct 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/inducing-private-finance-for-renewable-energy-projects_5jxvg0k6thr1-en
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Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects
Miguel Cárdenas Rodríguez, Ivan Haščič, Nick Johnstone, Jérôme Silva, Antoine Ferey
This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy (inducement effect). It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised ("crowding in" effect). A unique...
  N° 66   11 June 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/integrated-assessment-of-climate-change-impacts_5jz2qcjsrvzx-en
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Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts
Ian Sue Wing, Elisa Lanzi
This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The...
  N° 65   11 June 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/an-overview-of-the-oecd-env-linkages-model_5jz2qck2b2vd-en
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An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model
Jean Château, Rob Dellink, Elisa Lanzi
This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic...
  N° 64   11 June 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/economic-implications-of-the-iea-efficient-world-scenario_5jz2qcn29lbw-en
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Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario
Jean Château, Bertrand Magné, Laura Cozzi
In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario (IEA, 2012) to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). The IEA...
  N° 63   08 Oct 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/the-political-economy-of-british-columbia-s-carbon-tax_5k3z04gkkhkg-en
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The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax
Kathryn Harrison
In July 2008, the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, which applied to all combustion sources of all fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2, with a schedule for annual increases of CAD 5...
  N° 62   03 Oct 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/a-characterisation-of-environmental-labelling-and-information-schemes_5k3z11hpdgq2-en
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A Characterisation of Environmental Labelling and Information Schemes
Guillaume Gruère
This report provides a comprehensive overview of the international landscape of environmental labelling and information schemes (ELIS), defined as policies and initiatives that aim to provide information about one or more aspects of the environmental performance of a product or service...
  N° 61   10 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/the-political-economy-of-fuel-subsidies-in-colombia_5k3twr8v5428-en
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The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia
Helena Garcia Romero, Laura Calderon Etter
Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. Colombia has provided explicit and implicit subsidies to gasoline and diesel since 1983, costing the government up to 1.6%...
  N° 60   07 Oct 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/the-role-of-national-ecosystem-assessments-in-influencing-policy-making_5jxvl3zsbhkk-en
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The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making
Lucy Wilson, Cristina Secades, Ulf Narloff, Nadine Bowles-Newark, Abisha Mapendembe, Hollie Booth, Claire Brown, Megan Tierney
An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. Ecosystem assessments can play an important role in synthesising and...
  N° 59   03 Oct 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/ireland-s-carbon-tax-and-the-fiscal-crisis_5k3z11j3w0bw-en
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Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis
Frank J. Convery, Louise Dunne, Deirdre Joyce
Beginning in late 2008, Ireland experienced a fiscal crisis. This resulted in November 2010 in agreement between the Irish government and the European Central Bank, the European Commission and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) – known collectively as ‘the Troika’ – whereby the latter...
  N° 58   11 Sep 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/addressing-competitiveness-and-carbon-leakage-impacts-arising-from-multiple-carbon-markets_5k40ggjj7z8v-en
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Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets
Elisa Lanzi, Damian Mullaly, Jean Château, Rob Dellink
Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. These concerns are particularly important in the presence of multiple carbon markets since differences in climate change policy approaches may have impacts on...
  N° 57   14 May 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/effectiveness-of-policies-and-strategies-to-increase-the-capacity-utilisation-of-intermittent-renewable-power-plants_5k46j0trlrnn-en
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Effectiveness of Policies and Strategies to Increase the Capacity Utilisation of Intermittent Renewable Power Plants
David Benatia, Nick Johnstone, Ivan Haščič
Intermittent renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, will become increasingly important in the electricity supply mix if ambitious renewable energy targets are to be met. This paper presents evidence on the effectiveness of different strategies and measures to increase the capacity...
  N° 56   21 May 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/mobilising-private-investment-in-sustainable-transport_5k46hjm8jpmv-en
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Mobilising Private Investment in Sustainable Transport
Géraldine Ang, Virginie Marchal
Transport infrastructure is a pillar of economic development and a key contributor to climate change. Globally, transport-related greenhouse gas emissions are expected to double by 2050 in the absence of new policies. There is an urgent need to scale-up and shift transport infrastructure...
  N° 55   19 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/lessons-from-15-years-of-experience-with-the-dutch-tax-allowance-for-energy-investments-for-firms_5k47zw350q8v-en
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Lessons from 15 Years of Experience with the Dutch Tax Allowance for Energy Investments for Firms
Arjan Ruijs, Herman R.J. Vollebergh
Since 1997, the Netherlands has had a tax allowance scheme that was introduced to promote investments in energy-saving technologies and sustainable energy production. This so-called Energy Investment Tax Allowance (EIA in Dutch) reduces up-front investment costs for firms investing in the...
  N° 54   10 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/national-adaptation-planning_5k483jpfpsq1-en
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National Adaptation Planning
Michael Mullan, Nicholas Kingsmill, Arnoldo Matus Kramer, Shardul Agrawala
Since the first OECD country published its national adaptation strategy in 2005, there has been a marked increase in national planning for climate change adaptation. This paper provides an overview of national adaptation planning activity across OECD countries and identifies some of the...
  N° 53   12 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/environmental-innovation-in-germany_5k8x9b2lljzv-en
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Environmental Innovation in Germany
Ivan Haščič
This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated...
  N° 52   14 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/towards-consistent-and-effective-carbon-pricing-in-germany_5k8x7gx58r0t-en
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Towards Consistent and Effective Carbon Pricing in Germany?
Ivana Capozza, Joseph Curtin
Germany committed itself to challenging greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets to 2020 and beyond. It has implemented a composite mix of policy measures to achieve its climate change mitigation goals, including a range of market-based instruments. These measures have helped...
  N° 51   05 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/testing-the-effect-of-defaults-on-the-thermostat-settings-of-oecd-employees_5k8xdh41r8jd-en
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Testing the Effect of Defaults on the Thermostat Settings of OECD Employees
Zack Brown, Nick Johnstone, Ivan Haščič, Laura Vong, Francis Barascud
Default options have been shown to affect behaviour in a variety of economic choice tasks, including health care and retirement savings. Less research has tested whether defaults affect behaviour in the domain of energy efficiency. This study uses data from a randomized controlled experiment in...
  N° 50   16 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/climate-mitigation-and-adaptation-in-africa_5k8zng5smxjg-en
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Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa
Ivan Haščič, Jérôme Silva, Nick Johnstone
This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities. We present...
  N° 49   07 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/behavioural-economics-and-environmental-incentives_5k8zwbhqs1xn-en
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Behavioural Economics and Environmental Incentives
Jason Shogren
This review aims to improve our understanding of the implications of the insights from behavioural economics for environmental policy design. The review focuses on the question of incentive design in two broad areas — risk, conflict and cooperation; and mechanism design. A number of lessons for...
  N° 48   12 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/towards-a-green-investment-policy-framework_5k8zth7s6s6d-en
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Towards a Green Investment Policy Framework
Jan Corfee-Morlot, Virginie Marchal, Céline Kauffmann, Christopher Kennedy, Fiona Stewart, Christopher Kaminker, Geraldine Ang
Achieving low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development is a policy goal of many governments today, and investment in built-infrastructure – in the energy, transport, water and building sectors – is a central part of the challenge. In the face of growing infrastructure needs and fiscal...
  N° 47   20 Sep 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/green-transformation-of-small-businesses_5k92r8nmfgxp-en
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Green Transformation of Small Businesses
Eugene Mazur
This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk...
  N° 46   23 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/mobilising-investment-in-low-carbon-climate-resilient-infrastructure_5k8zm3gxxmnq-en
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Mobilising Investment in Low Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure
Christopher Kennedy, Jan Corfee-Morlot
This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts. LCR infrastructure is defined, recognizing the interdependencies between infrastructure...
  N° 45   14 Sep 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/the-determinants-of-invention-in-electricity-generation-technologies_5k92v111shjc-en
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The Determinants of Invention in Electricity Generation Technologies
Elisa Lanzi, Ivan Haščič, Nick Johnstone
This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuelbased technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies....
  N° 44   20 Mar 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/environmental-quality-and-life-satisfaction_5k9cw678dlr0-en
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Environmental Quality and Life Satisfaction
Jérôme Silva, Femke de Keulenaer, Nick Johnstone
Environmental conditions are likely to have an effect on people’s sense of life satisfaction, both directly and indirectly. In recent years there has been a burgeoning literature assessing the relationship between measures of environmental quality and subjective well-being. This type of studies...
  N° 42   20 Feb 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/international-technology-agreements-for-climate-change_5k9fgpw5tt9s-en
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International Technology Agreements for Climate Change
Ivan Haščič, Nick Johnstone, Nadja Kahrobaie
This paper examines the effect of multilateral energy technology initiatives, so called "Implementing Agreements", on international research collaboration in seven important climate change mitigation technologies. The analysis is conducted using patent data on 33 OECD countries during the...
  N° 41   15 Dec 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/an-economic-projection-to-2050-the-oecd-env-linkages-model-baseline_5kg0ndkjvfhf-en
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An Economic Projection to 2050: The OECD "ENV-Linkages" Model Baseline
Jean Château, Cuauhtemoc Rebolledo, Rob Dellink
This document describes economic baseline projections to 2050 for several world regions. It describes how socio-economic drivers are used to create a consistent projection of economic activity for the coming decades, applying the general framework of "conditional convergence". This economic...
  N° 40   26 Mar 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/adaptation-and-innovation_5k9csvvntt8p-en
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Adaptation and Innovation
Shardul Agrawala, Cécile Bordier, Victoria Schreitter, Valerie Karplus
Innovation in technologies that promote mitigation and adaptation will be critical for tackling climate change. It can decrease the costs of policy measures and provide new opportunities for the private sector. However, most discussions of innovation have focused on mitigation, while little...
  N° 39   30 Nov 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/private-sector-engagement-in-adaptation-to-climate-change-approaches-to-managing-climate-risks_5kg221jkf1g7-en
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Private Sector Engagement in Adaptation to Climate Change: Approaches to Managing Climate Risks
Shardul Agrawala, Maëlis Carraro, Nicholas Kingsmill, Elisa Lanzi, Michael Mullan, Guillaume Prudent-Richard
There is growing international interest in the planning, financing and implementation of adaptation to climate change. However, the discussion to date has primarily focused on the public sector’s role, with the private sector viewed primarily as a source of funding or financing. Relatively...
  N° 38   05 Apr 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/monitoring-and-evaluation-for-adaptation-lessons-from-development-co-operation-agencies_5kg20mj6c2bw-en
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Monitoring and Evaluation for Adaptation: Lessons from Development Co-operation Agencies
Nicolina Lamhauge, Elisa Lanzi, Shardul Agrawala
In the context of scaled up funding for climate change adaptation, it is more important than ever to ensure the effectiveness, equity and efficiency of adaptation interventions. Robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) is an essential part of this, both to ensure that the prospective benefits of...
  N° 37   29 July 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/sources-of-finance-investment-policies-and-plant-entry-in-the-renewable-energy-sector_5kg7068011hb-en
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Sources of Finance, Investment Policies and Plant Entry in the Renewable Energy Sector
Margarita Kalamova, Christopher Kaminker, Nick Johnstone
This report looks specifically at the full array of public policies promoting investment in the renewable energy sector, and discusses their impact on plant entry into the market, with the support of case studies focusing on Germany, the U.S.A. and Australia. It examines differing risk/return...
  N° 36   29 July 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/harmonising-climate-risk-management_5kg706918zvl-en
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Harmonising Climate Risk Management
Anne Hammill, Thomas Tanner
Development planners and project managers have used a wide variety of tools to manage a broad range of environmental risks, including those posed by climate variability, for a long time. Some of these tools have also now been modified to take into account the risks posed by climate change. At...
  N° 35   21 June 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/policy-interventions-to-address-health-impacts-associated-with-air-pollution-unsafe-water-supply-and-sanitation-and-hazardous-chemicals_5kg9qx8dsx43-en
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Policy Interventions to Address Health Impacts Associated with Air Pollution, Unsafe Water Supply and Sanitation, and Hazardous Chemicals
Alistair Hunt
The purpose of the paper is to review the recent empirical literature relating to the quantification and valuation of the human health impacts of air pollution, hazardous chemicals, and unsafe water and sanitation, and their use in cost-benefit analysis, as an input to environmental policy...
  N° 34   31 May 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/environmental-enforcement-in-decentralised-governance-systems_5kgb1m60qtq6-en
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Environmental Enforcement in Decentralised Governance Systems
Eugene Mazur
This report analyses approaches to managing environmental compliance monitoring and enforcement in several OECD countries with decentralised systems of environmental governance. It focuses principally on strategies and instruments for promoting consistency in the implementation of national...
  N° 33   01 July 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/environmental-policy-stringency-and-foreign-direct-investment_5kg8ghvf85d5-en
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Environmental Policy Stringency and Foreign Direct Investment
Margarita Kalamova, Nick Johnstone
This paper examines empirically whether countries with relatively more lax environmental regimes have a comparative advantage in their competition for foreign direct investment. It seeks to contribute to the literature in several important ways. First, we use a measure of environmental...
  N° 32   12 Dec 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/employment-impacts-of-climate-change-mitigation-policies-in-oecd_5kg0ps847h8q-en
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Employment Impacts of Climate Change Mitigation Policies in OECD
Jean Château, Anne Saint-Martin, Thomas Manfredi
Using a computable general equilibrium, this paper quantifies the GDP and employment effects of an illustrative greenhouse gas emissions reduction policy. The paper first analyses the direct negative economic effects of the emissions restrictions on GDP and examines labour sectoral...
  N° 31   28 Mar 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/medium-term-management-of-green-budget-the-case-of-ukraine_5kgg6fwxv4f1-en
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Medium-term Management of Green Budget: The Case of Ukraine
Nelly Petkova, Rafal Stanek, Angela Bularga
The purpose of this study is to examine the medium-term budget planning process in Ukraine and the extent to which this approach is used within the environmental sector. It aims to assist the Ukrainian government to integrate environmental programmes more effectively into overall programming,...
  N° 30   15 Dec 2010 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/climate-policy-and-technological-innovation-and-transfer_5km33bnggcd0-en
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Climate Policy and Technological Innovation and Transfer
Ivan Haščič, Nick Johnstone, Fleur Watson, Christopher Kaminker
Technological innovation can lower the cost of achieving environmental objectives. As such, understanding the linkages between environmental policy and technological innovation in achieving environmental objectives is important. This is particularly true in the area of climate change, where the...
  N° 29   19 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/cities-and-carbon-market-finance_5km4hv5p1vr7-en
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Cities and Carbon Market Finance
Christa Clapp, Alexia Leseur, Oliver Sartor, Gregory Briner, Jan Corfee-Morlot
The importance of cities in climate policy stems from the simple reality that they house the majority of the world’s population, two-thirds of world energy use and over 70% of global energy use emissions. At the international level, global carbon markets have become an important new source of...
  N° 28   18 Mar 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/greening-growth-in-japan_5kggc0rpw55l-en
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Greening Growth in Japan
Ivana Capozza
A decade of sluggish economic growth, concluding with the sharpest recession since the Second World War, has underlined the need for Japan to develop a new growth model. Such a model should restore public finances and long-term growth while preserving environmental quality and ensuring...
  N° 27   22 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/flood-risks-climate-change-impacts-and-adaptation-benefits-in-mumbai_5km4hv6wb434-en
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Flood Risks, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Benefits in Mumbai
Stéphane Hallegatte, Nicola Ranger, Sumana Bhattacharya, Murthy Bachu, Satya Priya, K. Dhore, Farhat Rafique, P. Mathur, Nicolas Naville, Fanny Henriet, Anand Patwardhan, K. Narayanan, Subimal Ghosh, Subhankar Karmakar, Unmesh Patnaik, Abhijat Abhayankar, Sanjib Pohit, Jan Corfee-Morlot, Celine Herweijer
Managing risks from extreme events will be a crucial component of climate change adaptation. In this study, we demonstrate an approach to assess future risks and quantify the benefits of adaptation options at a city-scale, with application to flood risk in Mumbai. In 2005, Mumbai experienced...
  N° 26   10 Feb 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/capacity-development-for-environmental-management-in-the-agricultural-sector-in-developing-countries_5km4kntgq7xx-en
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Capacity Development for Environmental Management in the Agricultural Sector in Developing Countries
Constance L. Neely
The relationships between agriculture, the environment, and development are deep and complex. By 2050 a 70 per cent increase in production will be needed to feed an additional 2.7 billion people on an already degraded natural resource base. In light of this and amid the realities of climate...
  N° 25   10 Feb 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/capacity-development-for-environmental-management-and-governance-in-the-energy-sector-in-developing-countries_5km4knxj9tf3-en
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Capacity Development for Environmental Management and Governance in the Energy Sector in Developing Countries
George Matheson, Laurie Giroux
The relationships between energy, the environment, and development are deep and complex. The International Energy Agency has noted that energy is deeply implicated in each of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of human development. Energy services provide an essential input to...
  N° 24   29 Nov 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/incorporating-climate-change-impacts-and-adaptation-in-environmental-impact-assessments_5km959r3jcmw-en
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Incorporating Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation in Environmental Impact Assessments
Shardul Agrawala, Arnoldo Matus Kramer, Guillaume Prudent-Richard, Marcus Sainsbury
National governments and development agencies have invested considerable effort in recent years to develop methodologies and tools to screen their projects for the risks posed by climate change. However, these tools have largely been developed by the climate change community and their...
  N° 23   10 Aug 2010 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/plan-or-react_5km975m3d5hb-en
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Plan or React? Analysis of Adaptation Costs and Benefits Using Integrated Assessment Models
Shardul Agrawala, Francesco Bosello, Carlo Carraro, Kelly de Bruin, Enrica De Cian, Rob Dellink, Elisa Lanzi
Financing for adaptation is a core element in the ongoing international negotiations on climate change. This has motivated a number of recent global estimates of adaptation costs. While important from an agenda setting perspective, many of these estimates nevertheless have a number of...
  N° 22   04 Aug 2010 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/costs-revenues-and-effectiveness-of-the-copenhagen-accord-emission-pledges-for-2020_5km975plmzg6-en
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Costs, Revenues, and Effectiveness of the Copenhagen Accord Emission Pledges for 2020
Rob Dellink, Gregory Briner, Christa Clapp
Tackling the problem of global climate change requires a high level of international cooperation. Many countries have pledged targets or actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the Appendices to the Copenhagen Accord. This analysis examines the costs and effectiveness of these pledges,...
  N° 21   04 Aug 2010 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/buying-and-cancelling-allowances-as-an-alternative-to-offsets-for-the-voluntary-market_5km975qmwp5c-en
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Buying and Cancelling Allowances as an Alternative to Offsets for the Voluntary Market
Anja Kollmuss, Michael Lazarus
In recent years, businesses, local governments and individuals have set goals for reducing their emissions of greenhouse gases. In addition to directly reducing their own emissions, many of these entities have purchased carbon offsets to help achieve their mitigation goals. Yet establishing...
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