OECD Environment Working Papers

Monetary Carbon Values in Policy Appraisal
1997-0900 (online)
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies on environmental issues prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal authors are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language English or French with a summary in the other if available.
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Page: 1 (N° 92) , 2 (N° 41) | Next
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  N° 92   23 Sep 2015 Click to Access: 
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Monetary Carbon Values in Policy Appraisal
Stephen Smith, Nils Axel Braathen
Cost-benefit analyses and other quantitative appraisals are used in many countries to support decision-making in different areas of public policy, including many investment projects in sectors such as transport and energy. These decisions can have significant effects – either negative or...
  N° 91   08 Sep 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/critical-minerals-today-and-in-2030_5jrtknwm5hr5-en
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Critical Minerals Today and in 2030
Renaud Coulomb, Simon Dietz, Maria Godunova, Thomas Bligaard Nielsen
Raw materials are essential for the global economy and future development depends on their continued supply. Like fossil fuels, minerals are non-renewable. In general, their deposits in the Earth’s crust are also geographically clustered, making security of supply a potential risk. In many...
  N° 90   31 July 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/biodiversity-policy-response-indicators_5jrxd8j24fbv-en
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Biodiversity Policy Response Indicators
Christina Van Winkle, Katia Karousakis, Rosalind Bark, Martijn van der Heide
This paper reviews a number of OECD data sources to examine their potential for establishing indicators which can contribute to monitoring progress towards two of the 2011-2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), namely Target 3 on Incentives and...
  N° 89   26 June 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/measuring-environmental-innovation-using-patent-data_5js009kf48xw-en
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Measuring environmental innovation using patent data
Ivan Haščič, Mauro Migotto
This paper refines indicators to measure innovation in environment-related technologies, drawing on recent methodological advances that allow a more accurate assessment of environment-related innovation in a broader range of countries and covering a greater variety of the relevant technologies....
  N° 88   12 May 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/competitiveness-impacts-of-the-german-electricity-tax_5js0752mkzmv-en
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Competitiveness Impacts of the German Electricity Tax
Florens Flues, Benjamin Johannes Lutz
Proposals to increase environmentally related taxes are often challenged on competitiveness grounds. The concern is that value creation in certain sectors might decline domestically if a country introduces environmentally related taxes unilaterally. Furthermore, environmental goals might not be...
  N° 87   27 Mar 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/impacts-of-carbon-prices-on-indicators-of-competitiveness_5js37p21grzq-en
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Impacts of Carbon Prices on Indicators of Competitiveness
Johanna Arlinghaus
Concerns around potential losses of competitiveness as a result of unilateral action on carbon pricing are often central for policy makers contemplating the introduction of such instruments. This paper is a review of literature on ex post empirical evaluations of the impacts of carbon prices on...
  N° 86   27 Mar 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/modelling-of-distributional-impacts-of-energy-subsidy-reforms_5js4k0scrqq5-en
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Modelling of distributional impacts of energy subsidy reforms
Olivier Durand-Lasserve, Lorenza Campagnolo, Jean Chateau, Rob Dellink
This report develops an analytical framework that assesses the macroeconomic, environmental and distributional consequences of energy subsidy reforms. The framework is applied to the case of Indonesia to study the consequences in this country of a gradual phase out of all energy consumption...
  N° 85   16 Mar 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/tender-instruments_5js4k0t30hvc-en
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Tender instruments
Zachary Brown, Bastien Alvarez, Nick Johnstone
A striking variety of policy instruments are used in Victoria, Australia to achieve conservation objectives. These include highly active voluntary programmes, a variety of conservation grants, and a reverse auction for the provision of ecosystem services, known as EcoTender. An open question...
  N° 84   16 Mar 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/sustainable-consumption-dilemmas_5js4k112t738-en
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Sustainable consumption dilemmas
Kees Vringer, Herman R.J. Vollebergh, Daan van Soest, Eline van der Heijden, Frank Dietz
Consumers only occasionally choose to buy sustainable products. At the same time these consumers say in surveys that sustainability is important to them, and that the government should promote sustainable consumption. Most likely, a social dilemma is at play here. Everyone would be better off...
  N° 83   19 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/estimating-mobilised-private-climate-finance_5js4x001rqf8-en
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Estimating Mobilised Private Climate Finance
Raphaël Jachnik, Randy Caruso, Aman Srivastava
Quantifying the effect of public interventions aimed at mobilising private finance for climate activities is technically complex and challenging. As a step towards addressing this complexity, the report presents a framework of key decision points for estimating publicly mobilised private...
  N° 82   10 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/invention-and-international-diffusion-of-water-conservation-and-availability-technologies_5js679fvllhg-en
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Invention and International Diffusion of Water Conservation and Availability Technologies
Antoine Dechezleprêtre, Ivan Haščič, Nick Johnstone
This paper identifies over 50 000 patents filed worldwide in various water-related adaptation technologies between 1990 and 2010, distinguishing between those related to water availability (supply) and water conservation (demand) technologies. The paper then analyses the innovation activity –...
  N° 81   10 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/the-benefits-of-international-co-authorship-in-scientific-papers_5js69ld9w9nv-en
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The Benefits of International Co-authorship in Scientific Papers
Julie Poirier, Nick Johnstone, Ivan Haščič, Jérôme Silva
This paper presents an analysis of the effect of international co-authorship of scientific publications on patenting in wind energy technologies. It is found that the number of scientific publications co-authored by researchers in OECD countries has a positive and very significant impact on the...
  N° 80   03 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/public-interventions-and-private-climate-finance-flows-empirical-evidence-from-renewable-energy-financing_5js6b1r9lfd4-en
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Public Interventions and Private Climate Finance Flows: Empirical Evidence from Renewable Energy Financing
Ivan Haščič, Miguel Cárdenas Rodríguez, Raphaël Jachnik, Jérôme Silva, Nick Johnstone
This study uses a unique dataset of investment flows to analyse the role of two categories of public interventions (finance and policies) in mobilising flows of private climate finance worldwide and in the more specific context of flows to and in developing countries. The objectives are...
  N° 79   12 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/greening-household-behaviour_5jxrcllt1kq5-en
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Greening Household Behaviour
Ysé Serret, Zachary Brown
The second round of the OECD Survey on Environmental Policy for Individual Behaviour Change (EPIC) was implemented in 2011. A publication providing an overview of the survey data from over 12 000 households in eleven countries (Australia, Canada, Chile, France, Israel, Japan, Korea, the...
  N° 78   16 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/greening-household-behaviour-and-energy_5jxrclm3qhr0-en
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Greening Household Behaviour and Energy
Bengt Kriström, Chandra Kiran
This report focuses on demand for renewable energy and energy efficiency. It presents the results of follow-up of econometric analysis of the 2011 OECD Survey on Environmental Policy and Individual Behaviour Change (EPIC). The report complements the overview of the survey data provided in the...
  N° 77   11 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/greening-household-behaviour-and-transport_5jxrclmd0gjb-en
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Greening Household Behaviour and Transport
Ilka Ehreke, Boris Jaeggi, Kay W. Axhausen
This report focuses on personal transport choices. It presents the results of follow-up analysis of the 2011 OECD Survey on Environmental Policy and Individual Behaviour Change (EPIC) survey where econometric techniques are applied. The report complements the overview of the survey data...
  N° 76   10 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/greening-household-behaviour-and-waste_5jxrclmxnfr8-en
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Greening Household Behaviour and Waste
Ruslana Rachel Palatnik, Sharon Brody, Ofira Ayalon, Mordechai Shechter
This report focusses on the determinants of household waste generation, the separation of recyclables and waste prevention behaviours. It presents the econometric results of follow-up analysis of the 2011 OECD Survey on Environmental Policy and Individual Behaviour Change (EPIC). This report...
  N° 75   10 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/greening-household-behaviour-and-food_5jxrclntbvs0-en
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Greening Household Behaviour and Food
Katrin Millock
This report focuses on households’ behaviour in relation to food consumption. It presents the results of follow-up econometric analysis of the 2011 OECD Survey on Environmental Policy and Individual Behaviour Change (EPIC). This report complements the overview of the survey data provided in the...
  N° 74   02 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/monitoring-and-evaluation-of-climate-change-adaptation_5jxrclr0ntjd-en
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Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation
Ayesha Dinshaw, Susannah Fisher, Heather McGray, Neha Rai, Johan Schaar
This paper explores methodological approaches that can be used to monitor and evaluate climate change adaptation initiatives at the projects and programme levels. It examines approaches that have been used in other areas of development practice to see what lessons have been learned that can...
  N° 73   10 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/greening-household-behaviour-and-water_5jxrclrr79f7-en
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Greening Household Behaviour and Water
Céline Nauges
This report focuses on households’ behaviour in relation to water use. It presents the results of follow-up analysis of the 2011 OECD Survey on Environmental Policy and Individual Behaviour Change (EPIC) where econometric techniques are applied. This report complements the overview of the...
  N° 72   06 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/public-financial-institutions-and-the-low-carbon-transition_5jxt3rhpgn9t-en
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Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition
Ian Cochran, Romain Hubert, Virginie Marchal, Robert Youngman
Public financial institutions (PFIs) are well-positioned to act as a key leverage point for governments’ efforts to mobilise private investment in low-carbon projects and infrastructure. The study identifies the tools, instruments and approaches used by five PFIs to directly support and...
  N° 71   07 Oct 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/tax-preferences-for-environmental-goals_5jxwrr4hkd6l-en
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Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals
James Greene, Nils Axel Braathen
This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally...
  N° 70   30 Sep 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/environmental-and-related-social-costs-of-the-tax-treatment-of-company-cars-and-commuting-expenses_5jxwrr5163zp-en
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Environmental and Related Social Costs of the Tax Treatment of Company Cars and Commuting Expenses
Rana Roy
This paper builds upon a recent OECD paper on the personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses in OECD member-countries and aims to arrive at a better understanding of the environmental and related social costs of the tax treatment described therein. The paper begins with an...
  N° 69   08 July 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/exploring-potential-data-sources-for-estimating-private-climate-finance_5jz15qwz4hs1-en
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Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance
Randy Caruso, Raphaël Jachnik
The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global...
  N° 68   10 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
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Greening Household Behaviour
Zachary Brown
Discussions of the importance of public attitudes in shaping policy often lack clear evidence on causal relations between stated attitudes and observed behaviours. The 2011 OECD Survey of over 12,000 households allows analysing households’ environmental attitudes and behaviours in five...
  N° 67   16 Oct 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/inducing-private-finance-for-renewable-energy-projects_5jxvg0k6thr1-en
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Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects
Miguel Cárdenas Rodríguez, Ivan Haščič, Nick Johnstone, Jérôme Silva, Antoine Ferey
This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy (inducement effect). It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised ("crowding in" effect). A unique...
  N° 66   11 June 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/integrated-assessment-of-climate-change-impacts_5jz2qcjsrvzx-en
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Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts
Ian Sue Wing, Elisa Lanzi
This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The...
  N° 65   11 June 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/an-overview-of-the-oecd-env-linkages-model_5jz2qck2b2vd-en
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An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model
Jean Château, Rob Dellink, Elisa Lanzi
This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic...
  N° 64   11 June 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/economic-implications-of-the-iea-efficient-world-scenario_5jz2qcn29lbw-en
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Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario
Jean Château, Bertrand Magné, Laura Cozzi
In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario (IEA, 2012) to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). The IEA...
  N° 63   08 Oct 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/the-political-economy-of-british-columbia-s-carbon-tax_5k3z04gkkhkg-en
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The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax
Kathryn Harrison
In July 2008, the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, which applied to all combustion sources of all fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2, with a schedule for annual increases of CAD 5...
  N° 62   03 Oct 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/a-characterisation-of-environmental-labelling-and-information-schemes_5k3z11hpdgq2-en
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A Characterisation of Environmental Labelling and Information Schemes
Guillaume Gruère
This report provides a comprehensive overview of the international landscape of environmental labelling and information schemes (ELIS), defined as policies and initiatives that aim to provide information about one or more aspects of the environmental performance of a product or service...
  N° 61   10 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/the-political-economy-of-fuel-subsidies-in-colombia_5k3twr8v5428-en
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The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia
Helena Garcia Romero, Laura Calderon Etter
Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. Colombia has provided explicit and implicit subsidies to gasoline and diesel since 1983, costing the government up to 1.6%...
  N° 60   07 Oct 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/the-role-of-national-ecosystem-assessments-in-influencing-policy-making_5jxvl3zsbhkk-en
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The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making
Lucy Wilson, Cristina Secades, Ulf Narloff, Nadine Bowles-Newark, Abisha Mapendembe, Hollie Booth, Claire Brown, Megan Tierney
An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. Ecosystem assessments can play an important role in synthesising and...
  N° 59   03 Oct 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/ireland-s-carbon-tax-and-the-fiscal-crisis_5k3z11j3w0bw-en
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Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis
Frank J. Convery, Louise Dunne, Deirdre Joyce
Beginning in late 2008, Ireland experienced a fiscal crisis. This resulted in November 2010 in agreement between the Irish government and the European Central Bank, the European Commission and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) – known collectively as ‘the Troika’ – whereby the latter...
  N° 58   11 Sep 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment-and-sustainable-development/addressing-competitiveness-and-carbon-leakage-impacts-arising-from-multiple-carbon-markets_5k40ggjj7z8v-en
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Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets
Elisa Lanzi, Damian Mullaly, Jean Château, Rob Dellink
Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. These concerns are particularly important in the presence of multiple carbon markets since differences in climate change policy approaches may have impacts on...
  N° 57   14 May 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/effectiveness-of-policies-and-strategies-to-increase-the-capacity-utilisation-of-intermittent-renewable-power-plants_5k46j0trlrnn-en
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Effectiveness of Policies and Strategies to Increase the Capacity Utilisation of Intermittent Renewable Power Plants
David Benatia, Nick Johnstone, Ivan Haščič
Intermittent renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, will become increasingly important in the electricity supply mix if ambitious renewable energy targets are to be met. This paper presents evidence on the effectiveness of different strategies and measures to increase the capacity...
  N° 56   21 May 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/mobilising-private-investment-in-sustainable-transport_5k46hjm8jpmv-en
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Mobilising Private Investment in Sustainable Transport
Géraldine Ang, Virginie Marchal
Transport infrastructure is a pillar of economic development and a key contributor to climate change. Globally, transport-related greenhouse gas emissions are expected to double by 2050 in the absence of new policies. There is an urgent need to scale-up and shift transport infrastructure...
  N° 55   19 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/lessons-from-15-years-of-experience-with-the-dutch-tax-allowance-for-energy-investments-for-firms_5k47zw350q8v-en
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Lessons from 15 Years of Experience with the Dutch Tax Allowance for Energy Investments for Firms
Arjan Ruijs, Herman R.J. Vollebergh
Since 1997, the Netherlands has had a tax allowance scheme that was introduced to promote investments in energy-saving technologies and sustainable energy production. This so-called Energy Investment Tax Allowance (EIA in Dutch) reduces up-front investment costs for firms investing in the...
  N° 54   10 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/national-adaptation-planning_5k483jpfpsq1-en
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National Adaptation Planning
Michael Mullan, Nicholas Kingsmill, Arnoldo Matus Kramer, Shardul Agrawala
Since the first OECD country published its national adaptation strategy in 2005, there has been a marked increase in national planning for climate change adaptation. This paper provides an overview of national adaptation planning activity across OECD countries and identifies some of the...
  N° 53   12 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/environmental-innovation-in-germany_5k8x9b2lljzv-en
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Environmental Innovation in Germany
Ivan Haščič
This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated...
  N° 52   14 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/towards-consistent-and-effective-carbon-pricing-in-germany_5k8x7gx58r0t-en
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Towards Consistent and Effective Carbon Pricing in Germany?
Ivana Capozza, Joseph Curtin
Germany committed itself to challenging greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets to 2020 and beyond. It has implemented a composite mix of policy measures to achieve its climate change mitigation goals, including a range of market-based instruments. These measures have helped...
  N° 51   05 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/testing-the-effect-of-defaults-on-the-thermostat-settings-of-oecd-employees_5k8xdh41r8jd-en
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Testing the Effect of Defaults on the Thermostat Settings of OECD Employees
Zack Brown, Nick Johnstone, Ivan Haščič, Laura Vong, Francis Barascud
Default options have been shown to affect behaviour in a variety of economic choice tasks, including health care and retirement savings. Less research has tested whether defaults affect behaviour in the domain of energy efficiency. This study uses data from a randomized controlled experiment in...
  N° 50   16 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/climate-mitigation-and-adaptation-in-africa_5k8zng5smxjg-en
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Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa
Ivan Haščič, Jérôme Silva, Nick Johnstone
This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities. We present...
  N° 49   07 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/behavioural-economics-and-environmental-incentives_5k8zwbhqs1xn-en
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Behavioural Economics and Environmental Incentives
Jason Shogren
This review aims to improve our understanding of the implications of the insights from behavioural economics for environmental policy design. The review focuses on the question of incentive design in two broad areas — risk, conflict and cooperation; and mechanism design. A number of lessons for...
  N° 48   12 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/towards-a-green-investment-policy-framework_5k8zth7s6s6d-en
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Towards a Green Investment Policy Framework
Jan Corfee-Morlot, Virginie Marchal, Céline Kauffmann, Christopher Kennedy, Fiona Stewart, Christopher Kaminker, Geraldine Ang
Achieving low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development is a policy goal of many governments today, and investment in built-infrastructure – in the energy, transport, water and building sectors – is a central part of the challenge. In the face of growing infrastructure needs and fiscal...
  N° 47   20 Sep 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/green-transformation-of-small-businesses_5k92r8nmfgxp-en
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Green Transformation of Small Businesses
Eugene Mazur
This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk...
  N° 46   23 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/mobilising-investment-in-low-carbon-climate-resilient-infrastructure_5k8zm3gxxmnq-en
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Mobilising Investment in Low Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure
Christopher Kennedy, Jan Corfee-Morlot
This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts. LCR infrastructure is defined, recognizing the interdependencies between infrastructure...
  N° 45   14 Sep 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/the-determinants-of-invention-in-electricity-generation-technologies_5k92v111shjc-en
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The Determinants of Invention in Electricity Generation Technologies
Elisa Lanzi, Ivan Haščič, Nick Johnstone
This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuelbased technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies....
  N° 44   20 Mar 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/environmental-quality-and-life-satisfaction_5k9cw678dlr0-en
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Environmental Quality and Life Satisfaction
Jérôme Silva, Femke de Keulenaer, Nick Johnstone
Environmental conditions are likely to have an effect on people’s sense of life satisfaction, both directly and indirectly. In recent years there has been a burgeoning literature assessing the relationship between measures of environmental quality and subjective well-being. This type of studies...
  N° 42   20 Feb 2012 Click to Access: 
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International Technology Agreements for Climate Change
Ivan Haščič, Nick Johnstone, Nadja Kahrobaie
This paper examines the effect of multilateral energy technology initiatives, so called "Implementing Agreements", on international research collaboration in seven important climate change mitigation technologies. The analysis is conducted using patent data on 33 OECD countries during the...
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