OECD Environment Working Papers

ISSN :
1997-0900 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/19970900
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies on environmental issues prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal authors are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language English or French with a summary in the other if available.
 

Monitoring and Evaluation for Adaptation: Lessons from Development Co-operation Agencies You or your institution have access to this content

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Author(s):
Nicolina Lamhauge1, Elisa Lanzi1, Shardul Agrawala1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

Publication Date
05 Apr 2012
Bibliographic information
No.:
38
Pages
50
DOI
10.1787/5kg20mj6c2bw-en

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In the context of scaled up funding for climate change adaptation, it is more important than ever to ensure the effectiveness, equity and efficiency of adaptation interventions. Robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) is an essential part of this, both to ensure that the prospective benefits of interventions are being realised and to help improve the design of future interventions. This paper is the first empirical assessment of M&E frameworks used by development co-operation agencies for projects and programmes with adaptation-specific or adaptation-related components. It has analysed 106 project documents across six bilateral development agencies. Based on this, it identifies the characteristics of M&E for adaptation and shares lessons learned on the choice and use of indicators for adaptation.

This analysis has found that Result Based Management, the Logical Framework Approach and the accompanying logframe are the most common M&E approaches used for adaptation. In applying these approaches, the long-term perspective of most adaptation initiatives means that it is particularly important to clearly differentiate between outcomes, outputs and activities. In addition, M&E frameworks for adaptation should combine qualitative, quantitative and binary indicators. The baselines for these indicators should include the effects of future climate change, particularly for projects with long-term implications, such as investments in infrastructure. Significant challenges remain in relation to dealing with shifting baselines, attribution and time lags between interventions and outcomes.

Keywords:
monitoring and evaluation, climate change adaptation, development co-operation
JEL Classification:
  • H43: Public Economics / Publicly Provided Goods / Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
  • O22: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Development Planning and Policy / Project Analysis
  • Q54: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Climate; Natural Disasters; Global Warming