OECD Environment Working Papers

ISSN: 
1997-0900 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/19970900
Hide / Show Abstract
This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies on environmental issues prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal authors are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language English or French with a summary in the other if available.
 

Measuring environmental innovation using patent data You or your institution have access to this content

English
Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js009kf48xw-en.pdf
  • PDF
  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/environment/measuring-environmental-innovation-using-patent-data_5js009kf48xw-en
  • READ
Author(s):
Ivan Haščič1, Mauro Migotto1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

26 June 2015
Bibliographic information
No.:
89
Pages:
58
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5js009kf48xw-en

Hide / Show Abstract

This paper refines indicators to measure innovation in environment-related technologies, drawing on recent methodological advances that allow a more accurate assessment of environment-related innovation in a broader range of countries and covering a greater variety of the relevant technologies. Three indicators are discussed in the paper: an indicator of technology development (a measure of inventive activity) in over 80 specific environmental technologies; an indicator of international collaboration in technology development (a measure of co-invention); and an indicator of technology diffusion (a measure of market protection). These indicators provide a range of tools for assessing innovative performance in country and policy studies. The indicators are based on patent data because they have a number of attractive properties compared to other alternatives: they are widely available, quantitative, commensurable, output-oriented and capable of being disaggregated – an important advantage when analysing environmental technologies. At the same time, not all innovations or inventions are patented, and measuring the number of patents by itself does not provide an indication of their relative importance and impact. Techniques have been developed to overcome these limitations, yet it is important to carefully interpret patent-based indicators.
Keywords:
innovation, environmental technologies, indicators
JEL Classification:
  • O3: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights
  • O31: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights / Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
  • O34: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights / Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
  • O38: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights / Government Policy
  • Q2: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Renewable Resources and Conservation
  • Q4: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Energy
  • Q5: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics
 
Visit the OECD web site