OECD Environment Working Papers

ISSN :
1997-0900 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/19970900
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies on environmental issues prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal authors are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language English or French with a summary in the other if available.
 

International Technology Agreements for Climate Change

Analysis Based on Co-Invention Data You or your institution have access to this content

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Author(s):
Ivan Haščič1, Nick Johnstone1, Nadja Kahrobaie
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

Publication Date
20 Feb 2012
Bibliographic information
No.:
42
Pages
26
DOI
10.1787/5k9fgpw5tt9s-en

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This paper examines the effect of multilateral energy technology initiatives, so called "Implementing Agreements", on international research collaboration in seven important climate change mitigation technologies. The analysis is conducted using patent data on 33 OECD countries during the period 1970- 2009. We find that co-invention is significantly affected by the membership in the Implementing Agreement. Extending adherence to other countries would increase co-invention by about 90% in the case of wind and fuel cells, and even more in the case of biofuels, solar PV and CCS. Given the urgency to develop effective international mechanisms to mitigate climate change, these results are encouraging and the topic is an important area for further policy research.
Keywords:
climate policy, technology, Technology Agreements, innovation
JEL Classification:
  • O31: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights / Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
  • O38: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights / Government Policy
  • Q42: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Energy / Alternative Energy Sources
  • Q48: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Energy / Government Policy
  • Q54: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Climate; Natural Disasters; Global Warming
  • Q55: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Technological Innovation
  • Q56: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
  • Q58: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Government Policy