From ecosystem services to benefits of the Baltic Sea - indicators and threats
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From ecosystem services to benefits of the Baltic Sea - indicators and threats

Eutrophication, oil spills, and invasive species. Indicators and human benefits from ecosystem services of the Baltic Sea. These were the token of discussion at the "Nordic Workshop on Economic Analysis of the State of the Baltic Sea, NorWEBS" in Helsinki on 19-20 November 2009, arranged by MTT Agrifood Research Finland. A joint researcher team of economists and marine experts assembled at the workshop to discuss the three main threats to the ecology of the Baltic Sea and find respective indicators of the state of Baltic Sea to be used in economic valuation. Economic valuation of the ecosystem services is required for a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis on protective measures. Based on the presentations and discussions held in the NorWEBS-workshop we propose a framework for deriving the combined benefits from the Baltic Sea ecosystem services.

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Author(s):
Nordic Council of Ministers

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This report is an outcome of the Nordic Workshop on Economic Analysis of the State of the Baltic Sea (NorWEBS), which was held in Helsinki 19.11.2009 to 20.11.2009. This work received financial support from the Nordic Council of Ministers. The workshop was preceeded by a survey assessing ecological indicators for economic valuation. The survey was sent to economists and marine experts in countries bordering the Baltic Sea. The survey results along with notes on the discussions in the workshop provide the backbone of this report. The report reflects these sources with additional insights from the ecosystem valuation literature.