Environmental Finance

1990-1135 (online)
1990-1143 (print)
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This series addresses an important obstacle to achieving environmental goals in many countries: how to adequately address the associated financial issues including the costs of achieving environmental goals,  how those costs could be minimised, and the challenge of matching costs with available resources.

Financing Water and Environment Infrastructure

Financing Water and Environment Infrastructure

The Case of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia You do not have access to this content

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13 Feb 2006
9789264036079 (PDF) ;9789264036062(print)

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The current environmental situation of the countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) is dire and challenges are mounting, but there are also new opportunities. This report explains the environmental challenges that these transition economies face, and assesses the financial tools and resources, both domestic and foreign, available to tackle them.

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Table of Contents

Acronyms and Abbreviations
Executive Summary
Chapter 1. The Background of Environmental Finance in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia (EECCA)
-Environmental Challenges
-Economic Trends
-Trends in Environmentally Related Expenditure
-The Need for Sound Environmental Finance Strategies
Chapter 2. The Environmental Finance Challenge and Domestic Sources of Finance
-Priority of Environment in Public Sector Financing
-Fiscal Decentralisation and Financial Management in Municipalities -The Contribution of Households and Industries
-Financial Sector Involvement in Environmental Financing
Chapter 3. The Environmental Finance Challenge, and Foreign Sources of Finance
-Levels of Environmental Foreign Official Finance to EECCA
-Private Financial Flows Related to Environment
-Innovative Approaches: Debt-for-Environment Swaps
-Innovative Approaches: Carbon Funding
Chapter 4. Conclusions and Recommendations for Stakeholders. Ideas for Partnerships
-Recommendations for Action at the Domestic Level
-The Role of International Co-operation
-Annex 1. Summary of Key Environmental Challenges in EECCA as Reported in the Kiev Assessment
-Annex 2. Macro Economic Indicators for EECCA Countries
-Annex 3. The Costs of the Millennium Development Goals for Water Supply and Sanitation in EECCA
-Annex 4. Environmental Financing Strategies
-Annex 5. Foreign Direct Investment in EECCA and Selected CEE Countries
-Annex 6. Preparation for a Debt for Environment Swap (DFES) in Georgia
-Annex 7. Good Practices of Public Environmental Expenditure Management

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