Environment in the Transition to a Market Economy

Environment in the Transition to a Market Economy

Progress in Central and Eastern Europe and the New Independent States You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
14 Oct 1999
Pages :
248
ISBN :
9789264173934 (PDF) ; 9789264171107 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264173934-en

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Severe environmental problems were a key issue in the protests that marked the end of communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. This groundbreaking book provides new insights into the interaction between economic policy reforms, environmental protection efforts and environmental conditions in the region's subsequent transition to market-based economies and democratic societies over the past eight to ten years. The unique contribution of the book is its synthesis of a vast amount of information and cumulative experience together with detailed examples and case studies to provide a coherent analysis of the challenges and achievements in institutional strengthening and policy reform, environmental policy instruments, environmental financing, and environmental management in enterprises. It also reviews the development of domestic public participation and international co-operation for the safeguarding of the region's environment and discusses trends in industrial pollution and biodiversity protection. The book shows that economic reforms provided a crucial stimulus for environmental improvement, leading to reductions in high pollution levels. Moreover, several countries have strengthened their domestic environmental policies, institutions, and financing, resulting in further improvements. Nonetheless, many serious problems remain, and others have grown worse over the transition period: in many countries of the former Soviet Union in particular, economic crises and political stagnation have impeded environmental protection efforts. Continued partnerships between governments of the region, OECD donor countries, international financial institutions and organisations, environmental NGOs, businesses and trade unions, as well as public support for these, will be essential to reinforce the environmental improvements achieved thus far.

Also available in: French, Russian
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Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations and Country Groups
Main Findings
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Economic Reform and the Environment
Chapter 3. Reforming Government Institutions and Policies
Chapter 4. Public and NGO Participation
Chapter 5. Environmental Policy Instruments
Chapter 6. Environmental Financing
Chapter 7. Environmental Management in Enterprises
Chapter 8. Protecting Biodiversity
Chapter 9. International Cooperation
Annex I. International Assistance and Financing
Annex II. Comparing Health Impacts of Air Pollution and Drinking Water Problems
Annex III. The Challenge of EU Accession
Annex IV. Climate Change Commitments and the Kyoto Protocol Mechanisms
Annex V. Indicators of CEEC/NIS Progress in Economic Reform
Annex VI. Environmental Policy Initiatives in CEEC/NIS
Annex VII. Overview of Selected Economic Instruments Used in Central and Eastern Europe
Annex VIII. Overview of Selected Environmental Funds in CEE Countries and the NIS
Annex IX. Growth of the Domestic Environmental Goods and Services Industry in the CEEC/NIS
Annex X. Participation of Selected CEEC/NIS Countries in Multilateral Environmental Agreements (as of early 1999)
Annex XI. Nuclear Safety