Environment and Regional Trade Agreements

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12 June 2007
9789264006805 (PDF) ;9789264006652(print)

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Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) have increased significantly in number over the past few years. The number of RTAs which include environmental provisions is also increasing. However, these provisions, and the experience related to their negotiation and implementation, have not been examined in depth yet. This study contributes to filling this gap. It provides an overview of approaches to environmental issues in RTAs and summarises country experiences in their negotiation and practical application. Regional and bilateral trade arrangements are surveyed, including customs unions and free trade agreements. The study is based on the analysis of RTA texts, and on literature examining their actual implementation, as well as on first-hand comments and input from experts from both OECD and non-OECD countries.
Also available in French
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Table of Contents

List of Acronyms and RTA Memberships
Executive Summary
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Environment in Regional Trade Agreements
Chapter 3. Negotiating Environmental Commitments in Regional Trade Ageements: Some Key Questions
Chapter 4. Assessing the Environmental Impacts of Regional Trade Agreements
Chapter 5. Environmental Co-operation
Chapter 6. Environmental Standards and Enforcement of Environemntal Laws
Chapter 7. Procedural Guarantees, Enforcement Mechanisms, and Dispute Settlement
Chapter 8. Parties' Rights to Adopt or Maintain Environmental Regulations
Chapter 9. Public Participation and Consultation
Chapter 10. Conclusions and Overview of Key Experiences
Annex A. Selected RTAs
Annex B. Environmental Side Agreements and Chapters on Environment in RTAs
Annex C. Overview of Environmental Impact Assessments of Selected RTAs
Annex D. Provisions on Environmental Co-operation in Selected RTAs

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