Climate Resilience in Development Planning

Climate Resilience in Development Planning

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
22 Apr 2014
Pages :
136
ISBN :
9789264209503 (PDF) ; 9789264209497 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264209503-en

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Climate-related disasters have inflicted increasingly high losses on developing countries, and with climate change, these losses are likely to worsen. Improving country resilience against climate risks is therefore vital for achieving poverty reduction and economic development goals.

This report discusses the current state of knowledge on how to build climate resilience in developing countries. It argues that climate-resilient development requires moving beyond the climate-proofing of existing development pathways, to consider economic development objectives and resilience priorities in parallel. Achieving this will require political vision and a clear understanding of the relation between climate and development, as well as an adapted institutional set-up, financing arrangements, and progress monitoring and evaluation. The report also discusses two priorities for climate-resilient development: disaster risk management and the involvement of the private sector.

The report builds on a growing volume of country experiences on building climate resilience into national development planning. Two country case studies, Ethiopia and Colombia, are discussed in detail.

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    Foreword

    This report provides an overview of the current state of knowledge on how countries can achieve climate-resilient development. As climate resilience strategies are still in an early stage in most countries, it is too early for a comprehensive assessment of existing policies and measures. Rather, this report focuses on the enabling factors for integrating climate resilience and development planning. This is supported with in-depth reviews of the role of disaster risk management and the private sector. The report aims to inform both policy makers in developing countries and practitioners in development co-operation agencies.

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    List of acronyms
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    Executive summary

    There is an urgent need for countries to improve their resilience to current climate variability and prepare for the consequences of future changes. Without this, climate change threatens to perpetuate poverty and slow – or even prevent – the achievement of development goals. Climate-resilient development aims to ensure that economic growth, poverty reduction and other development objectives can be sustained in a changing climate. This is more fundamental than "climate-proofing" of policies or programmes, instead re-examining the development choices that are shaping vulnerability to climate risks. This means addressing current vulnerabilities in a way that anticipates and adapts to future changes.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Moving towards climate-resilient development

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      Climate-resilient development

      Countries have the potential to achieve a virtuous circle between climate resilience and development. Improvements in climate resilience can support development, while inclusive development can help to build climate resilience. Achieving this will not only mean climate-proofing existing development pathways, but also considering how the pathways themselves may need to change in light of the challenges posed by climate change. This chapter outlines the need for climate-resilient development, which provides a strategic approach to addressing current vulnerabilities while preparing for the effects of a changing climate.

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      The building blocks of climate-resilient development

      Climate-resilient development requires 1) political vision and leadership; 2) a development planning process that has climate resilience at its core; 3) an institutional structure that facilitates central co-ordination and targeted engagement; 4) a strong evidence base and methods for dealing with uncertainty; 5) sufficient financing, combining the effective use of domestic and international resources; and 6) mechanisms for monitoring, evaluating and learning including strong feedback between lessons learned and policy design. The chapter outlines experience to date in implementing these building blocks.

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      Implementing climate-resilient development

      Disaster risk management and private sector involvement are both important for climate resilience. Improved integration of disaster risk management and climate change adaptation is needed to address current risks while preparing for future challenges. The chapter suggests ways of integrating the two approaches into development planning, focusing on institutions, risk reduction, and financial instruments to reduce the long-term impacts of disasters. The private sector is another important piece in the climate resilience puzzle, given its fundamental role in securing economic growth, and its potential for investing in resilience measures. The second part of the chapter examines how public policy can support private sector climate resilience. Priorities for this include raising awareness, providing data, and ensuring that regulatory frameworks and spending policies are conducive to building resilience.

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      Climate-resilient development in Colombia

      Colombia is vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather. Most of the country’s priority sectors for economic growth are sensitive to climatic changes. The country is still counting the human and economic costs of severe flooding in 2010/11. This chapter describes how these factors have prompted the government to mainstream climate resilience into national, sectoral and sub-national plans. Colombia has already taken important steps towards climate-resilient development, including substantive research on its vulnerability to climate change and the design of an institutional co-ordination framework. The Colombian government has driven policy making, but has benefitted from technical and financial assistance from development co-operation providers to support priority areas of its work.

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      Climate-resilient development in Ethiopia

      Ethiopia’s objective of reducing its vulnerability to climate extremes and its ambitious growth plans have come together in its Climate-Resilient Green Economy initiative. The initiative aims to transform the country into a middle-income economy by 2025, without increasing net greenhouse gas emissions and while protecting itself against the negative impacts of climate change. This case study brings together the lessons from Ethiopia's experience to date. It discusses the links between climate and socio-economic development in Ethiopia, analyses the key enabling factors, and examines the entry points for building resilience in selected policy areas, focusing on the agricultural sector and macroeconomic management.

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