OECD Environment Working Papers

ISSN :
1997-0900 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/19970900
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies on environmental issues prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal authors are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language English or French with a summary in the other if available.
 

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa

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Author(s):
Ivan Haščič1, Jérôme Silva1, Nick Johnstone1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

Publication Date
16 Nov 2012
Bibliographic information
No.:
50
Pages
76
DOI
10.1787/5k8zng5smxjg-en

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This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities. We present detailed analysis of the role of Africa in development of these technologies (invention), and then move on to examine Africa as a technology market (as reflected in patenting). In addition, we briefly touch upon the question of cross-border technology development (co-invention) in Africa. Despite Africa’s generally low volume of inventive activity in these fields in comparison with other countries, inventive activity is disproportionately directed towards mitigation and adaptation technologies. In addition, the rate of international co-invention for most mitigation and adaptation technologies is much higher in Africa than in the rest of the world. And finally, rates of protection of climate technologies at African intellectual property offices are high relative to other technologies. Nonetheless, it must be emphasized that a relatively small number of inventions are protected in Africa, providing evidence that IP is not a barrier to technology transfer and diffusion.
Keywords:
technology transfer, technology diffusion, climate policy, patents, innovation
JEL Classification:
  • O31: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights / Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
  • O33: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights / Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
  • O38: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights / Government Policy
  • O55: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Economywide Country Studies / Africa
  • Q42: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Energy / Alternative Energy Sources
  • Q48: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Energy / Government Policy
  • Q54: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Climate; Natural Disasters; Global Warming
  • Q55: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Technological Innovation
  • Q56: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
  • Q58: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Government Policy