Aspects of strategic climate work in Nordic municipalities
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Aspects of strategic climate work in Nordic municipalities

NordLead Project Final Report

Nordic municipalities can have a significant impact on creating a more climate-friendly Nordic region. This study gathers valuable information about climate change management in Nordic municipalities and gives a general view to the local climate work in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The study aims at recognising the success factors and needs for support in Nordic local climate change work. It is based on a web survey conducted between October 2011 and February 2012, with an overall response rate of 37 %. The study shows that Nordic municipalities are actively working for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Commonalities in the success factors and challenges are found in the study, however, there is no "one size fits all" solution, because the countries differ in many respects – the national framework conditions being the most crucial difference.

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Author(s):
Nordic Council of Ministers

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In general, Nordic municipalities in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden are working actively and mostly voluntarily for climate change mitigation and adaptation. However, there is no "one size fits all" solution but the countries differ in many respects – the national framework conditions being the most crucial difference. This became very clear already when starting this study; as in some countries, this was the first survey on the topic among municipalities, and in others, it was feared that the excess supply of questionnaires on climate issues would result in low response rates. In Finland, and especially in Sweden some similar surveys have been made before on local climate change work; but in Norway and Iceland, less information was available. The success factors and challenges that we found are very similar in all countries, but this is also affected by the activities taken at the national level and what kinds of needs for support the municipalities have.