- ISSN :
- 2227-779X (online)
- DOI :
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Made to Measure: Options for Emissions Accounting under the UNFCCCClick to Access:
- Andrew Prag1, Christina Hood2, Pedro Martins Barata3
- Author Affiliations
- 1: OECD, France
- 2: International Energy Agency, France
- 3: Get2C, Portugal
- 20 Dec 2013
- Bibliographic information
The paper first identifies necessary building blocks for an emissions accounting framework and assesses progress made in agreeing international reporting processes. It then looks in detail at the two most challenging areas for emissions accounting. The first area is accounting for flows of tradable units from market-based mechanisms, including international flows between linked domestic trading systems as well as from offset crediting mechanisms. The second area is accounting for emissions and removals from the forestry and land-use sectors, which have characteristics that make emissions accounting challenging: the need to distinguish anthropogenic emissions from natural variations, to deal with long time-frames and to measure sinks as well as sources of emissions. Finally, options are presented for how these issues might be taken forward in the negotiations, and how negotiators can build on recent progress made on reporting formats.
- market-based mechanisms, emissions accounting, land-use change, forestry, climate change, UNFCCC
- JEL Classification:
- Q23: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Renewable Resources and Conservation / Forestry
- Q54: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Climate; Natural Disasters and Their Management; Global Warming
- Q56: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
- Q58: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Government Policy