Environmental Performance Reviews: Tajikistan
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Environmental Performance Reviews: Tajikistan

Third Review

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Environmental Performance Review Programme assesses progress made by individual countries in reconciling their economic and social development with environmental protection, as well as in meeting international commitments on environment and sustainable development. The Environmental Performance Review Programme assists countries to improve their environmental policies by making concrete recommendations for better policy design and implementation. Environmental Performance Reviews help to integrate environmental policies into sector-specific policies such as those in agriculture, energy, transport and health. Through the peer review process, the reviews promote dialogue among Governments about the effectiveness of environmental policies as well as the exchange of practical experience in implementing sustainable development and green economy initiatives. They also promote greater Government accountability to the public. The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Tajikistan. The report takes stock of progress made by the country in the management of its environment since 2010. It also covers issues of specific importance to the country related to legal and policy frameworks, the financing of environmental policies, greening the economy, and integrating environmental concerns into selected sectors, in particular air protection, water management, waste management, biodiversity, forests and protected areas, agriculture, energy, industry, transport, health and risk management of natural and technological hazards. Suggestions for strengthening efforts towards a comprehensive and systemic response to sustainable development challenges are also provided The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.

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English
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Tajikistan has an abundance of freshwater resources, as water availability is estimated at 981.5 km3/year. More than 1,000 glaciers with a length more than 1.5 km, and snow fields, are registered and have an approximate area of 8,500 km2, which represents 5.6 per cent of the territory of the country. About 576 km3 of water resources reserves are concentrated in glaciers and snow fields. Sixteen glaciers each have a length more than 16 km. In 2014, the largest glacier, Fedchenko Glacier, had a volume of 93.6 km3 while the second largest, Grumm-Grzymailo Glacier, had a volume of 22.5 km3.