Environmental Performance Review: Bulgaria
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Environmental Performance Review: Bulgaria

Third Review

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Environmental Performance Review Programme assesses progress made by individual countries in reconciling their economic and social development with environmental protection, as well as in meeting international commitments on environment and sustainable development. The Environmental Performance Review Programme assists countries to improve their environmental policies by making concrete recommendations for better policy design and implementation. Environmental Performance Reviews help to integrate environmental policies into sector-specific policies such as those in agriculture, energy, transport and health. Through the peer review process, the reviews promote dialogue among Governments about the effectiveness of environmental policies as well as the exchange of practical experience in implementing sustainable development and green economy initiatives. They also promote greater Government accountability to the public. The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Bulgaria. It takes stock of progress made by the country in the management of its environment since 2007. The publication also covers issues of specific importance to the country related to legal and policy frameworks, the financing of environmental policies, greening the economy, and integrating environmental concerns into selected sectors, in particular air protection, water management, waste management, biodiversity, forests and protected areas, climate change and energy. Suggestions for strengthening efforts towards a comprehensive and systemic response to sustainable development challenges are also provide. The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.

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English
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Significant reductions have been achieved in recent decades for most emissions of air pollutants. Emissions from large industrial sources have been reduced by more than 80 per cent for SO2 and halved for NOx. This is partly the result of the shutting down of obsolete industrial installations, and predominantly the result of applying modern emission abatement techniques and control measures to reduce emissions. NOx reduction was partly compensated for by increased emissions due to the growth of road transport. Emissions of ammonia (NH3) have decreased although the economic output of the agricultural sector was more or less stable. Other emissions are more or less stable or slowly declining.