World Energy Outlook

International Energy Agency

2072-5302 (online)
1026-1141 (print)
Hide / Show Abstract

The International Energy Agency’s annual energy projections. Based on scenarios, these projections compare what will happen if policies remain the same and what might happen if policies were improved. Each edition tends to have a particular geographical or policy focus.

World Energy Outlook 2016

World Energy Outlook 2016 You do not have access to this content

International Energy Agency

Click to Access:
  • PDF
16 Nov 2016
9789264264953 (PDF) ;9789264264946(print)

Hide / Show Abstract

The landmark Paris Agreement on climate change will transform the global energy system for decades to come.

The latest World Energy Outlook offers the most comprehensive analysis of what this transformation of the energy sector might look like, thanks to its energy projections to 2040. It reviews the key opportunities and challenges ahead for renewable energy, the central pillar of the low- carbon energy transition, as well as the critical role for energy efficiency.

WEO-2016 examines how a post-Paris world redefines the idea of energy security, particularly in the power sector, the frontline in the fight against climate change. The report explores how oil, natural gas and coal are adjusting to today’s market conditions and assesses the risks that lie ahead, from under-investment in essential supply to stranded assets.

WEO-2016 looks at individual country pledges and examines how   close – or far – nations are from reaching their goals. It outlines a course that would limit the rise in global temperature to below 2 °C and also plots possible pathways for meeting even more ambitious goals.

This year, WEO-2016 also devotes a special chapter to the critical interplay between water and energy, with an emphasis on the stress points that arise as the linkages between these two sectors intensify.

loader image

Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Table of Contents

  • Mark Click to Access
  • Foreword

    In the Foreword to World Energy Outlook-2015, I challenged the negotiators at COP21 in Paris to take sober stock of the way that the energy sector was shaping up. Pointing to the unsustainable trends in our central scenario, Paris presented the opportunity to put forward a different vision of our energy future – a world in which energy needs are fully met without dangerously overheating the planet and in a secure and affordable way.

  • Executive Summary

    The Paris Agreement on climate change, which entered into force in November 2016, is at its heart an agreement about energy. Transformative change in the energy sector, the source of at least two-thirds of greenhouse-gas emissions, is essential to reach the objectives of the Agreement. The changes already underway in the energy sector, demonstrating the promise and potential of low-carbon energy, in turn lend credibility to meaningful action on climate change. Growth in energy-related CO2 emissions stalled completely in 2015. This was mainly due to a 1.8% improvement in the energy intensity of the global economy, a trend bolstered by gains in energy efficiency, as well as the expanded use of cleaner energy sources worldwide, mostly renewables. An increasing slice of the roughly $1.8 trillion of investment each year in the energy sector has been attracted to clean energy, at a time when investment in upstream oil and gas has fallen sharply. The value of fossil-fuel consumption subsidies dropped in 2015 to $325 billion, from almost $500 billion the previous year, reflecting lower fossil-fuel prices but also a subsidy reform process that has gathered momentum in several countries.

  • Add to Marked List
  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Annexes

    • Mark Click to Access
    • Tables for scenario projections

      The tables detail projections for fossil-fuel production, energy demand, gross electricity generation and electrical capacity, and carbon-dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil-fuel combustion in the New Policies, Current Policies and 450 Scenarios. Please see the preceding page for download details of these tables. The following regions are covered: World, OECD, OECD Americas, the United States, OECD Europe, the European Union, OECD Asia Oceania, Japan, non-OECD, Eastern Europe/Eurasia, Russia, non-OECD Asia, China, India, the Middle East, Africa, South Africa, Latin America and Brazil. The definitions for regions, fuels and sectors can be found in Annex C. By convention, in the table headings CPS and 450 refers to the Current Policies and 450 Scenarios respectively.

    • Policies and measures by scenario

      The World Energy Outlook-2016 (WEO-2016) presents projections for three core scenarios, which are differentiated primarily by their underlying assumptions about the evolution of energy-related government policies.

    • Definitions

      This annex provides general information on terminology used throughout WEO-2016 including: units and general conversion factors; definitions of fuels, processes and sectors; regional and country groupings; and abbreviations and acronyms.

    • References
    • Add to Marked List
Visit the OECD web site