Resources to Reserves 2013

Resources to Reserves 2013

Oil, Gas and Coal Technologies for the Energy Markets of the Future You do not have access to this content

International Energy Agency

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28 May 2013
9789264090705 (PDF) ;9789264083547(print)

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The availability of oil and gas for future generations continues to provoke international debate. In 2005, the first edition of Resources to Reserves found that the known hydrocarbon resources were sufficient to sustain likely growth for the foreseeable future. Yet the book also predicted that developing oil and gas resources – and bringing them to market – would become more technically demanding.

Resources to Reserves 2013 – a comprehensive update to the 2005 edition – confirms these earlier findings and investigates whether oil and gas resources can be produced at a reasonable cost and in a timely manner, while also protecting environmentally sensitive areas. Released amid a boom in shale gas and oil development in North America that is transforming the global energy landscape, the book surveys the cutting-edge technologies needed to find, produce and bring these reserves to the market, and it reviews the challenges on greenhouse gas emissions associated with fossil fuel production. With renewed interest in coal as a potential source of liquid and gaseous fuels, it also looks at technology advances for this fossil fuel.

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Table of Contents

Executive Summary
Chapter 1. Setting the scene

-Global energy demand
-Implications of a low-carbon scenario
-Classifying resources and reserves
-Resources and reserves
-Recent trends
-Recent developments in technology
Chapter 2. Raising recovery efficiency from oilfields
-Lifecycle of a petroleum reservoir
-Developing new reserves: getting the most for the lowest cost
-Applying technologies for IOR
-Mature reserves: technologies for EOR
-CO2-EOR for greenhouse gas mitigation: a future win-win situation?
-Being smart with smart fields
-Importance of future technology RD&D
Chapter 3. The growing importance of natural gas
Natural gas sources and lifecycle aspects
-More natural gas developments
-Key element: getting gas to markets
-The LNG value chain
-Going offshore: floating LNG systems
-GTL: an alternative way to bring gas to market
-Compressed natural gas for smaller accumulations
-Sour gas and contaminated public resources
-NGL: a key contributor to global oil production
Chapter 4. Trends and challenges of frontier oil and gas
-Main challenges of frontier oil and gas exploration
-Potential of deepwater reserves
-Developing deepwater reserves: applying new technology
-Technologies for meeting the Arctic challenge
-Protecting the Arctic environment
-Future directions
Chapter 5. Making light of unconventional oil
-Heavy oil and oil-sands
-Steam and hydrogen sources
-The future of heavy oil and oil-sands
-Kerogen oil
-Light tight oil
Chapter 6. The unconventional gas revolution
-The potential of unconventional gas resources
-Tight gas
-Shale gas
-Coal-bed methane
-The potential for methane hydrates
-Environmental impact
-Technology development
Chapter 7. Coal in the 21st century
-Types of coal
-Coal classifications
-Demand for coal
-Classification of traded hard coals
-Calculating coal deposits
-Coal extraction
-Coal use
-Coal for electricity generation
-Environmental impact
Chapter 8. Production costs of fossil fuels
-Factors influencing production costs
-Production cost curve for oil
-Production cost curve for gas
-Production cost curve for coal
Chapter 9. Meeting the environmental challenges
Production-related GHG emissions from oil resources
-Upstream GHG emissions
-Impact of carbon pricing
-Energy sector methane releases
List of abbrevations, acronyms and units of measure
References: A list of references can be found at the end of each chapter
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