Optimising Russian Natural Gas

Optimising Russian Natural Gas

Reform and Climate Policy You do not have access to this content

International Energy Agency

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18 July 2006
9789264109872 (PDF) ;9789264109865(print)

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The world’s largest gas producer and exporter, Russia has an enormous energy saving potential. At least 30 billion cubic meters – a fifth of Russian exports to European OECD countries -- could be saved every year by enhanced technology or energy efficiency. As the era of cheap gas in Russia comes to an end, this potential saving is increasingly important for Russians and importing countries.  This book analyses and estimates the potential savings and the associated reductions in greenhouse gas emissions that could be achieved in the oil extraction (flaring), gas transmission and distribution sectors. It also describes Russia’s emerging climate policy and institutional framework, including work still ahead before the country is eligible for the Kyoto Protocol’s flexibility mechanisms and can attract financing for greenhouse gas reductions.

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Table of Contents

Executive Summary
I. Russia's Natural Gas Chain: Overview and Outlook
-Natural Gas Balance: Trends, Exports and Outlook
-Energy Efficiency: A Huge Potential to Tap
II. Russian Climate Policy Outlook
-Russia in the Context of the International Climate Policy
-The Kyoto Protocol and Russia: Managing the Surplus
-Russian Climate Policy: Strategies and Institutions
-Participation in Flexibility Mechanisms: Russia's Capacity
III. GHG Emission Reductions in the Gas Transmission Sector
-The Current State of Russia's Gas Transmission System
-Sources of GHG Emissions in the Gas Tranmission System
-Main Options to Reduce GHG Emissions
IV. Reducing Methane Emissions from Russia's Gas Distribution Network
-Current State of Russia's Gas Distribution System
-GHG Emissions in the Gas Distribution Network
-GHG Emission Potential in Russia's Gas Distribution Network
V. Reducing Gas Flaring: Opportunities and Challenges
-Gas Flaring around the World
-Estimates of Gas Flaring in Russia
-Impact of Carbon Finance
Annex 1. Calculation of Conversion Factors
Annex 2. Main Stages of Development of Russian Climate Policy
Annex 3. Compressor Units along Russia's Transmission System
Annex 4. The Best-Available Technology and Gazprom's New Compressor Units
Annex 5. CH4 Emission Measurement Programmes
Annex 6. Studies on Methane Emissions at Compressor Stations

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