Energy Efficiency Policy Profiles

International Energy Agency

1990-0694 (online)
1990-0708 (print)
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This series of books looks at improving energy efficiency at the end-use level. This is increasingly important as Climate Change commitments force policy makers to look for areas where greenhouse gas emissions reduction can be achieved rapidly. These studies examine current and past experiences of countries using various technologies or systems to improve energy end-use efficiency. They identify successful policy approaches, focussing on what works best. and also provide insight into the opportunities ahead.

Light's labour's lost

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Light's labour's lost

Policies for Energy-Efficient Lighting You do not have access to this content

International Energy Agency

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29 June 2006
9789264109520 (PDF) ;9789264109513(print)

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When William Shakespeare wrote Love’s Labour’s Lost he would have used light from tallow candles at a cost (today) of £12,000 per million-lumen hours. The same amount of light from electric lamps now costs only £2!  But today’s low-cost illumination still has a dark side. Globally, lighting consumes more electricity than is produced by either hydro or nuclear power and results in CO2 emissions equivalent to two thirds of the world’s cars. This book documents a broad range of policy measures to stimulate efficient lighting being implemented around the world and suggests new ways these could be strengthened to prevent light’s labour from being lost.


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Table of Contents

Executive Summary
Overview and Recommendations
1. The Meaning of Light
2. In the Eye of the Beholder: Human Factors in Lighting

-What is Light and How Do We See?
-Lighting Quality: A Primary Driver of Lighting Energy Needs
-Recommended Illuminance Levels and Implications for Lighting Energy Demand
-Uniformity, Surface Reflectance, Color Rendering, and Glare Threshholds
3. These Lovely Lamps: Lighting Technologies and Design
-General Performance Characteristics of Lighting Technologies
-Lamp Types
-Control Gear
-Fixtures and Luminaires
4. Lazy Lumens: The Energy Used by Lighting
-Estimating Global Lighting Energy Consumption
-Lighting Markets: Light, Energy, Economic and Environmental Characteristics
-The Business of Light: Global Illumination
-The Potential for Energy Savings
-Barriers to Energy Efficient Lighting
5. Blazing the Trail: Policies and Programmes for Energy Efficient Lighting
-Government Policies and Programmes
-Energy Performance Building Codes and Certification Policies
-Review of Other Energy Efficiency Programmes Influencing Lighting
--Market Transformation Programmes
--Utility Programmes
--Other Instruments
--International Initiatives
--Policies to Encourage Better Use of Daylight
--Daylight Saving Time
6. Light's Labour's Found: The Impact of Current and Future Policies
-Impact of Current Policies
-Impact of Future Policies: Aiming for LLCC Efficiency Levels from 2008
-Projected Trends in Vehicle Lighting
7. O'Led Where Art Thou? Emerging Solid State Lighting Technologies and Opportunities
-The State of the Art
-The "Great White Hope"
-Lifting the LED Wait: Policies and Programmes to Accelerate SSL
8. The Age of Enlightenment: Future Strategies for Energy Efficient Lighting
-Policy Objectives
-Lessons Learned from Current and Past Efforts
-Programmes for the Future
Abbreviations and Acronyms

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