Energy Technology Perspectives

International Energy Agency

Frequency :
2079-2603 (online)
2079-259X (print)
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Published every two years, this report from the International Energy Agency examines the extent to which an energy technology revolution is taking place, the key technologies that are emerging, the costs and benefits of these technologies, and policies needed to foster their use.
Energy Technology Perspectives 2012

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Energy Technology Perspectives 2012

Pathways to a Clean Energy System You do not have access to this content

International Energy Agency

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Publication Date :
14 June 2012
Pages :
9789264174894 (PDF) ; 9789264174887 (print)

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Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) is the International Energy Agency’s most ambitious publication on energy technology. It demonstrates how technologies – from electric vehicles to smart grids – can make a decisive difference in limiting climate change and enhancing energy security.

ETP 2012 presents detailed scenarios and strategies to 2050. It is an indispensible guide for decision makers on energy trends and what needs to be done to build a clean, secure and competitive energy future.

ETP 2012 shows:

  • Current progress on clean energy deployment, and what can be done to accelerate it 
  • How energy security and low carbon energy are linked 
  • How energy systems will become more complex in the future, why systems integration is beneficial and how it can be achieved 
  • How demand for heating and cooling will evolve dramatically and which solutions will satisfy it  
  • Why flexible electricity systems are increasingly important, and how a system with smarter grids, energy storage and flexible generation can work  
  • Why hydrogen could play a big role in the energy system of the future 
  • Why fossil fuels will not disappear but will see their roles change, and what it means for the energy system as a whole
  • What is needed to realise the potential of carbon capture and storage (CCS)
  • Whtether available technologies can allow the world to have zero energy related emissions by 2075 - which seems a necessary condition for the world to meet the 2°C target

Table of Contents

-Executive Summary
Chapter 1. The Global Outlook
-Choosing the future: scenarios in ETP 2012
The ETP 2012 6°C Scenario
-The ETP 2012 4°C Scenario
-The ETP 2012 2°C Scenario
-Technologies needed to achieve the 2DS
-Policies needed to achieve the 2DS
-Linking energy security and low-carbon energy
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 2. Tracking Clean Energy Progress
-Power generation
-Carbon capture and storage
-Technology overview notes
Chapter 3. Policies to Promote Technology Innovation
-Policy framework for low-carbon innovation
-Technological innovation and public policy
-When do technology support policies make sense?
-Energy technology policies
Chapter 4. Financing the Clean Energy Revolution
-Investment costs of an energy technology revolution
-Benefi ts of a low-carbon energy sector
-Current trends in low-carbon energy investments
-Status of climate finance
-Where will the money come from?
-Domestic policy frameworks for investing in clean energy
-Recommended actions for the near term
Overview: Energy Systems Thinking
Chapter 5. Heating and Cooling
-An overview of global heating and cooling use
-Future demand for heating and cooling
-Decarbonising heating and cooling
-Integrated energy networks
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 6. Flexible Electricity Systems
-Electricity system indicators
-Developing flexible resources in the power system
-The role of regulation in electricity system evolution
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 7. Hydrogen
-Hydrogen today
-Hydrogen in the energy system context
-Hydrogen technologies and conversion pathways
-Hydrogen trajectory to 2050 and beyond
-Recommended actions for the near term
Overview The Future of Fossil Fuels
Chapter 8. Coal Technologies
-Role of coal in the energy mix
-Coal-fired power generation
-Potential for reducing emissions and improving air quality
-Technologies for improving effi ciency and reducing emissions
-Emerging technologies
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 9. Natural Gas Technologies
-Role of gas in energy
-Main drivers of the changing gas demand
-Unconventional gas
-Role of gas in future scenarios
-Gas for power generation
-Gas use in the industry and buildings sectors
-Gas use in the transport sector
-Role of gas in a low-carbon economy
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 10. Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies
-The need for carbon capture and storage technology and potential applications
-Carbon capture and storage applied to electricity generation
-Carbon capture and storage in industrial applications
-Transport and storage of CO2
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 11. Electricity Generation and Fuel Transformation
-Recent trends in electricity generation and fuel transformation
-Scenario results for electricity generation
-Scenario results for fuel transformation
-Variants of the 2DS for the power sector
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 12. Industry
-Industrial energy use and CO2 emissions
-Industry scenarios
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter13. Transport
-The turbulent decade: 2000 to 2010
-Looking ahead at transport technologies
-Scenarios: long-term vision for short-term action
-Focus on transport infrastructure
-Transport cost assessment: adding up vehicles, fuels and infrastructure
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 14. Buildings
-Energy use and CO2 emissions
-Scenario results for the buildings sector
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 15. Technology Roadmaps
-CCS in power generation
-Concentrating solar power
-Nuclear power
-Solar PV
-Smart grid
-Energy effi cient buildings: heating and cooling equipment
-CCS in industrial applications
-Cement sector
-Fuel economy
Chapter 16. 2075: Can We Reach Zero Emissions?
U-Underlying assumptions in the 2DS for 2075
-CO2 results for 2075
-Energy use to 2075
-Recommended actions for the near term
Chapter 17. Regional Spotlights
-1. Association of Southeast Asian Nations
-2. Brazil
-3. China
-4. European Union
-5. India
-6. Mexico
-7. Russia
-8. South Africa
-9. United States
Annex A. Analytical Approach
Annex B. Abbreviations and Acronyms
Annex C. Defi nitions, Regional and Country Groupings and Units
Annex D. References
Annex E. List of Figures, Tables and Boxes