Energy Policies of IEA Countries

International Energy Agency

1990-0082 (online)
1021-3872 (print)
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This series consists of two components. The first is an annual compilation by the International Energy Agency containing a broad analysis of recent trends and an easily accessible overview of energy policy during the last 12 months along with summaries of individual country reports done during the period. It also presents the major findings of the latest World Energy Outlook, key statistical information and brief summaries of major IEA publications released during the past year. The second component is the set of country reviews produced each year. IEA countries are on a five-year review cycle, which means that approximately five countries are reviewed in detail each year and published as part of the Energy Policies of IEA Countries series.

Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Poland 2011

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International Energy Agency

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02 Mar 2011
9789264098190 (PDF) ;9789264098183(print)

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The International Energy Agency's comprehensive 2011 review Poland's energy policies and programmes.  The review finds that Poland has made commendable efforts to develop a solid energy policy framework over the last years. As energy security is a high policy priority, the country is enhancing gas supply security by building an LNG terminal, expanding underground storage capacity and increasing domestic gas production. Polish plans for developing electricity and gas cross-border links will also contribute to regional security of supply. In addition, the government has announced an ambitious nuclear programme by 2030, envisaging the first unit to enter operation by 2022. Other achievements include energy intensity improvements, an increased share of renewables and a stronger focus on energy research and development (R&D).

Despite these positive developments, there is room for improving Polandfs energy strategy. First, a more integrated energy and climate policy is needed to put Poland firmly on a low-carbon path while enhancing energy security. Second, energy policy could put more emphasis on promoting competition to make the energy markets more efficient. Decarbonising Polandfs power sector will be a particularly significant challenge requiring huge investments. Coal accounts for 55% of Polish primary energy supply and 92% of electricity generation, raising significant climate change and environmental challenges. To this end, Polandfs efforts to improve energy efficiency and to diversify the countryfs energy mix are praiseworthy and should be pursued. The governmentfs attention to R&D on clean coal technologies, including carbon capture and storage (CCS) is also encouraging. The government could put more focus on the positive role that gas can play in decarbonising the electricity mix, especially if Polandfs potential resources of unconventional gas are confirmed. To tap these resources, it will be vital to put the necessary legal and regulatory framework in place.

This in-depth review analyses the energy challenges facing Poland and provides sectoral critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.

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Table of Contents

-Executive summary
-Key recommendations
2. Genergy Energy Policy
-Country overview
-Supply and demand
-Energy policy institutions
-Key policies
-Competition and consumer protection
-Energy prices and taxes
3. Climate Change
-Emissions trends and projections
-CO2 emissions abatement potential
-Targets and objectives
-Policies and measures
4. Energy Efficiency
-Energy intensity
-Policy framework
-Policies and measures by sector
5. Electricity, Heating, and Nuclear Energy
-Electricity supply and demand
-Investment needs
-Policy priorities
-Nuclear Energy Programme
-Industry structure and regulatory framework
-Electricity pricing
-District heating
-Combined heat and power
6. Coal
-Supply, demand and trade
-Industry structure
-Coal industry policy
-Coal technology R&D
7. Natural Gas
-Supply and demand
-Market reform and industry structure
-Gas security policy
-Prices and tariffs
8. Oil 
-Supply and demand
-The upstream sector
-Retail market structure
-Emergency response policy and emergency organisation
-Emergency oil reserves
-Prices and taxes
9. Renewable Energy
-Supply and demand
-Policies and measures
-Financing and project development
10. Energy Technology and R&D
-Energy R&D strategy
-Institutional organisation
-Energy R&D funding
-Energy R&D programmes
-International collaboration
Annex A: Organisation of the review
Annex B: Energy balances and key statistical data
Annex C: Existing and planned coal]
fired power plants, 2009
Annex D: International Energy Agencyfs gShared Goalsh
Annex E: Glossary and list of abbreviations ANNEX F: Bibliography

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