Energy Policies of IEA Countries

International Energy Agency

1990-0082 (online)
1021-3872 (print)
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This series consists of two components. The first is an annual compilation by the International Energy Agency containing a broad analysis of recent trends and an easily accessible overview of energy policy during the last 12 months along with summaries of individual country reports done during the period. It also presents the major findings of the latest World Energy Outlook, key statistical information and brief summaries of major IEA publications released during the past year. The second component is the set of country reviews produced each year. IEA countries are on a five-year review cycle, which means that approximately five countries are reviewed in detail each year and published as part of the Energy Policies of IEA Countries series.

Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Japan 2008

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International Energy Agency

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12 June 2008
9789264043367 (PDF) ;9789264043350(print)

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This review takes an in-depth look at the energy challenges facing Japan today and provides critiques and recommendations for policy improvements to help guide the country towards a more sustainable energy future.  

Declaring climate change and environment as a top priority of the 2008 G8 Summit in Hokkaido, host country Japan has demonstrated its commitment to pressing ahead in these domains. Already a world leader in advancing energy technology transfer and environmental policy, the country is determined to further improve its domestic policies, moving it towards a more sustainable and secure energy pathway for the long term. Along with other accomplishments, government support for energy R&D is very strong and policies to enhance the efficiency of appliances – both for domestic consumption and export – are models for other countries. 

Yet there is still room for progress. Most importantly, a greater reliance on market forces throughout the system could lead customers to choices that enhance security, raise economic efficiency and promote environmental protection. Particularly with respect to climate change goals – Japan is the world’s fifth-largest greenhouse gas emitter – strengthening the value on greenhouse gas emissions would help give consumers the appropriate signals they need to make the right choices. Enhancing energy savings through efforts aimed at particular sectors (sectoral approaches) could be a part of the overall policy mix, along with ongoing leadership in promoting energy efficiency. The government should continue to work to complement existing voluntary instruments with stronger ones, including ones that rely more on market incentives, and standards and requirements. 

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Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
2. General Energy Policy
-Country Overview
-Supply-Demand Balance
-Government Regulatory Institutions and Other Organisations
-Key Energy Policies
-International Collaboration and Leadership
-Energy Taxes and Subsidies
3. Sustainable Energy Policies
-Climate Change
-Energy Efficiency
4, Energy Security
-By Fuel and Source
-Emergency Preparedness
-Development of Oil and Gas Transport Infrastructure
-Upstream Hydrocarbon Development
5. Fossil Fuel
-Natural Gas
6. Electricity
-Capacity, Generation and Demand
-Market Reform
-Industry Structure
-Costs, Economic Efficiency and Prices
7. Renewables
-Supply-Demand Balance
-Policies and Measures
8. Nuclear Energy
-Policy Framework and Regulation
-Fuel Cycle and Radioactive Waste Management
-Public Acceptance
9. Energy Research and Development
-R&D Programmes and Projects
Annex A. Organisation of the Review
Annex B. Energy Balances and Key Statitsical Data
Annex C. International Energy Agency "Shared Goals"
Annex D. Glossary and List of Abbreviations

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