Energy Policies of IEA Countries

International Energy Agency

1990-0082 (online)
1021-3872 (print)
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This series consists of two components. The first is an annual compilation by the International Energy Agency containing a broad analysis of recent trends and an easily accessible overview of energy policy during the last 12 months along with summaries of individual country reports done during the period. It also presents the major findings of the latest World Energy Outlook, key statistical information and brief summaries of major IEA publications released during the past year. The second component is the set of country reviews produced each year. IEA countries are on a five-year review cycle, which means that approximately five countries are reviewed in detail each year and published as part of the Energy Policies of IEA Countries series.

Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Japan 1999

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International Energy Agency

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04 Apr 2000
9789264181328 (PDF) ;9789264170186(print)

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This IEA report provides a comprehensive in-depth assessment of the energy policies of Japan, including recommendations for policy development. Since the last in-depth review in 1994, the two major themes in Japan's energy policy have been reform of the regulatory framework and measures to respond to climate change. Energy sector reform in the energy sector is an important component of overall policy on economic recovery. Increasingly, the market will be relied on to achieve a satisfactory outcome. Independent Power Producers have entered the electricity market since 1995. The report analyses anticipated further reforms to liberalise the market for extra-high-voltage consumers (28% of all supply) and to introduce accounting separation of the activities of the existing utilities. Approximately 90% of carbon dioxide produced in Japan is energy-related. Policy to reduce emissions from the energy sector is focused on drastic energy efficiency measures and on the promotion of nuclear power and "new energies". The review discusses the cost-effectiveness of present energy efficiency measures, but considers that the current nuclear energy production target is achievable.
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Table of Contents

1. Summary and Recommendations
2. Conduct of the Review 
3. General Energy Policy and Outlook 
4. Energy and the Environment 
5. Energy Efficiency 
6. Nuclear Energy and New Energy Sources 
7. Electricity 
8. Oil, Gas and Coal 
9. Energy Research, Development and Technology 
Annex A: Action Programme for Economic Structure Reform
Annex B. Energy Balances and Key Statistical Data 
Annex C. International Energy Agency "Shared Goals"
Annex D. Glossary and List of Abbreviations


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