Energy Policies of IEA Countries

International Energy Agency

1990-0082 (online)
1021-3872 (print)
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This series consists of two components. The first is an annual compilation by the International Energy Agency containing a broad analysis of recent trends and an easily accessible overview of energy policy during the last 12 months along with summaries of individual country reports done during the period. It also presents the major findings of the latest World Energy Outlook, key statistical information and brief summaries of major IEA publications released during the past year. The second component is the set of country reviews produced each year. IEA countries are on a five-year review cycle, which means that approximately five countries are reviewed in detail each year and published as part of the Energy Policies of IEA Countries series.

Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Finland 2003

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International Energy Agency

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15 Mar 2004
9789264019607 (PDF) ;9789264014824(print)

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The International Energy Agency's 2003 comprehensive review of the energy policies and programmes of Finland.  This edition finds that the most important development in the Finnish energy sector in recent years has been the construction of a new nuclear power plant. Scheduled to come on line in 2009 with a capacity between 1.0 and 1.6 GWe, the plant is expected to provide needed generating capacity with zero greenhouse gas emissions. The report suggests that the Finnish government should monitor the plant’s progress and stand ready to act should delay or other obstacles arise.

Finland uses international trade and other tools to lower energy costs and increase energy security. Greater international co-operation through Nordpool, in international transmission lines and plans for backup power, and efforts to diversify natural gas supply options would reinforce this policy.

While Finland’s light-handed approach to regulation has worked well, the report recommends areas of more proactive regulation, especially in the fields of electricity networks and district heating systems.

Finland has agreed to keep GHG emissions at 1990 levels during the first Kyoto commitment period, yet projections show a 15% increase in emissions under business-as-usual conditions. Actively integrating international measures such as emissions trading into domestic programmes and more market-based approaches to renewable energy will ease the path towards Kyoto compliance.

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Table of Contents

1. Summary of Conclusions and Recommendations
2. Organisation of the Review
3. Energy Market and Energy Policy
4. Energy and the Environment
5. Energy Efficiency
6. Renewable Energy
7. Fossil Fuels and Peat
8. Electricity
9. Nuclear Power
10. Energy Research and Development
Annex A. Energy Balances and Key Statistical Data
Annex B. International Energy Agency "Shared Goals"
Anenx C. Glossary and List of Abbreviations

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