Energy Policies of IEA Countries

International Energy Agency

1990-0082 (online)
1021-3872 (print)
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This series consists of two components. The first is an annual compilation by the International Energy Agency containing a broad analysis of recent trends and an easily accessible overview of energy policy during the last 12 months along with summaries of individual country reports done during the period. It also presents the major findings of the latest World Energy Outlook, key statistical information and brief summaries of major IEA publications released during the past year. The second component is the set of country reviews produced each year. IEA countries are on a five-year review cycle, which means that approximately five countries are reviewed in detail each year and published as part of the Energy Policies of IEA Countries series.

Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Czech Republic 2010

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International Energy Agency

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07 Oct 2010
9789264094710 (PDF) ;9789264094703(print)

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The International Energy Agency's 2010 review of the Czech Republic's energy policies and programmes. It analyses the energy challenges facing the Czech Republic and provides sectoral critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.

It finds that the Czech Republic, rich in coal resources, is the third-largest electricity exporter in the European Union. The energy sector plays an important role for the country’s economy and for the regional energy security. Since the last IEA in-depth review in 2005, the Czech Republic has strengthened its energy policy, further liberalised its electricity and gas markets and made laudable efforts to enhance oil and gas security.

The Czech government has a unique opportunity to develop coherent and balanced energy and climate strategies as it currently updates its policy documents. The draft State Energy Concept concentrates on energy security and on maintaining the Czech Republic as a net electricity exporter, through a diversified energy mix and a maximised use of indigenous resources, comprising coal, uranium and renewable energy.

While the focus on energy security is praiseworthy, energy policy could be further improved. Energy policy should be better integrated with climate change considerations. At the same time, economic efficiency should be another key pillar of energy policy. To improve its energy security while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and enhancing economic development, the Czech Republic could take measures to: improve energy efficiency and broaden demand-side measures; focus on low-carbon technologies; integrate electricity and natural gas markets regionally; and optimise needed new infrastructure.

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Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary and Key Recommendations
2. Genergy Energy Policy
-Supply and demand
-Key energy policy directions
-Institutions and government organisations
-Market reform
-Energy prices and taxes
-Energy security
3. Energy and the Environment
-Key developments in energy and environment policy
-Trends in greenhouse gas emissions
-Greenhouse gas emission projections
-EU Emissions Trading Scheme and National Allocation Plans
-Joint implementation projects
-Local air pollution
4. Energy Efficiency
-Energy intensity
-Energy efficiency policies
-Institutional framework
5. Coal
-Reserves and production
-Coal-fired power plant emissions
-Carbon capture and storage
6. Natural Gas
-Supply and demand
-Imports and transit
-Storage and security of supply
-Market reform and industry structure
-Emergency response policy and emergency organisation
7. Oil
-Supply, demand and imports
-Oil industry structure
-Oil supply infrastructure
-Emergency response policy and emergency organisation
-Emergency oil reserves
-Oil demand restraint
8.Renewable Energy
-Renewable energy supply
-Renewable energy targets
-Support mechanisms for renewable energy
-Public awareness
9. Electricity and Heat
-Electricity and heat demand
-Electricity and heat generation
-Electricity industry and market operation
-Market reform and regulation
-Electricity pricing
10. Nuclear
-Nuclear power plants
-Recent developments
-Regulatory and legal framework
-Uranium production
-Nuclear fuel cycle
-Decommissioning and nuclear waste
-R&D and human resources
11. Energy Technology R&D
-General R&D policy structure
-Recent developments
-Research institutions and infrastructure
-R&D policy and key energy research areas
-R&D funding
-Priority setting and evaluation
-Human resources
-International collaboration
Annex A: Organisation of the Review
Annex B: Energy Balances and Key Statistical Data
Annex C: International Energy Agency "Shared Goals"
Annex D: Glossary and List of Abbreviations

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