The Missing Entrepreneurs 2015

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2015

Policies for Self-employment and Entrepreneurship You or your institution have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD, EU
13 Nov 2015
Pages:
192
ISBN:
9789264226418 (PDF) ; 9789264248137 (EPUB) ;9789264226388(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264226418-en

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The Missing Entrepreneurs 2015 is the third edition in a series of annual reports that provide data and policy analysis on inclusive entrepreneurship. Inclusive entrepreneurship involves business start-up and self-employment activities that contribute to social inclusion as well as to economic growth, covering entrepreneurship activities by social groups such as youth, women, seniors, immigrants and the unemployed. The report contains data on the scale and scope of entrepreneurship and self-employment activities across EU Member States by social target groups, as well as the barriers they face. The report also contains special thematic chapters on supporting growth for entrepreneurs from disadvantaged and under-represented groups, effective coaching and mentoring, and the role of public procurement in supporting inclusive entrepreneurship. Each thematic chapter discusses current policy issues and challenges, and makes recommendations for EU policy makers. The report also provides inspiring policy-practice examples from each of the 28 EU Members.

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  • Preface

    The economic crisis has left us with a number of challenging legacies, including high unemployment – particularly for youth. In many European countries, youth unemployment averages around twice the adult rates. Other groups are also affected. Women, immigrants and seniors all have higher levels of labour market inactivity or poorer labour market outcomes. OECD projections suggest that these challenges are unlikely to be resolved soon.

  • Executive Summary

    Despite some signs of recovery from the recent economic crisis, European labour markets continue to face many challenges. Unemployment continues to be one of the top political priorities of European governments and the question on everybody’s mind is "how can we create jobs?". The jobless recovery has made it very difficult for young people to enter the labour market for the first time and difficult for unemployed and inactive people to move into employment. This will have lasting effects, for both the individuals and for society.

  • Reader's Guide

    This reader’s guide provides information and methodological notes on the data sources used in this book: (1) OECD-Eurostat Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme, (2) Eurostat Labour Force Survey, (3) Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, and (4) Statistics on Income and Living Conditions.

  • Inclusive entrepreneurship policy in the European Union

    Among the greatest social and economic challenges currently faced by European Union governments are the persistent high level of unemployment and the rising proportion of the population at risk of poverty and social exclusion. This chapter discusses the role of inclusive entrepreneurship policies in addressing these challenges. It also provides a roadmap for the rest of the book.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Inclusive entrepreneurship in Europe – activity rates and barriers

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    • Self-employment and entrepreneurship by women

      This chapter presents data on the self-employment and entrepreneurship activities undertaken by women in the European Union. It reports on the number of women involved in self-employment and the key characteristics of their activities. Some evidence is also presented on a lack of skills as a barrier to entrepreneurship. Data are presented at the European Union and Member State levels.

    • Self-employment and entrepreneurship by youth

      This chapter presents evidence on self-employment and entrepreneurship activities by youth. The data presented include the proportion of active youth that are involved in self-employment and entrepreneurship and the main characteristics of these activities. The chapter also presents data on the extent to which a lack of skills and knowledge is a barrier to entrepreneurship. Data are presented at the European Union-level and for Member States.

    • Self-employment and entrepreneurship by seniors

      Data on self-employment and entrepreneurship activities by older people (50-64 years old) are presented in this chapter. These data include the self-employment rate for older people, as well as the proportion who are involved in business creation. Data on the main characteristics of the self-employment activities of older people are also presented, as is the extent to which a lack of knowledge and skills is a barrier to entrepreneurship. Data are provided at the European Union and Member State levels.

    • Self-employment and entrepreneurship by the unemployed

      This chapter presents data on the proportion of unemployed people who seek self-employment and the proportion who are successful in transitioning to self-employment. Data for the unemployed are presented by gender and age at both the European Union and Member State levels.

    • Self-employment and entrepreneurship by the foreign-born

      This chapter presents self-employment data for European Union residents who were born outside of their country of residence. This includes the rate of self-employment by immigrants and the proportion of self-employed immigrants who have employees. Data are presented at the European Union and European Union Member State levels.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Policies for inclusive entrepreneurship

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    • Supporting business growth among entrepreneurs from under-represented and disadvantaged groups

      This chapter discusses the main factors that influence the growth of businesses established and operated by women entrepreneurs, youth entrepreneurs, older entrepreneurs and ethnic minority and immigrant entrepreneurs. It then presents the key policy actions the governments can take to support business growth for these entrepreneurs, who often face greater challenges than mainstream entrepreneurs. Consideration is also given to delivery of these supports.

    • Effective coaching and mentoring for entrepreneurs from under-represented and disadvantaged groups

      This chapter defines coaching and mentoring and discusses the benefits of these supports for entrepreneurs from under-represented and disadvantaged groups. It describes the various policy approaches that can be used to offer coaching and mentoring support to entrepreneurs and potential entrepreneurs from under-represented and disadvantaged groups and provide examples. It also contains discussion on key considerations for designing and delivering effective coaching and mentoring support to entrepreneurs and potential entrepreneurs from under-represented and disadvantaged groups. The chapter includes a number of policy recommendations.

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