Employment

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Those in employment are people above a specified age who, during a specified period, were in paid employment or self-employment. People in paid employment during the reference period performed some work for a wage or salary, in cash or in kind, or they may have been temporarily not at work during the reference period, but did have a formal job. Those who were self-employed during the reference period performed some work for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind, in an enterprise such as a business, farm or service undertaking, or they may have been temporarily not at work during the reference period, but did have an enterprise.

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Keywords:  jobs, labour, employment
 

Self-employment rate You or your institution have access to this content

Author(s):
OECD

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Self-employment is defined as the employment of employers, workers who work for themselves, members of producers' co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The latter are unpaid in the sense that they lack a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise. Unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. All persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees. Self-employment may be seen either as a survival strategy for those who cannot find any other means of earning an income or as evidence of entrepreneurial spirit and a desire to be one's own boss. Employed people are as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week or who had a job but were absent from work during the reference week. This indicator is measured as a percentage of the employed population considered (total, men or women).

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Keywords:  employment rate, employment, self-employment rates
 
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    http://data.oecd.org/emp/self-employment-rate.htm
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