Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region
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Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region

Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries

Gender equality in the labour market is a key topic in the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. The Nordic Council of Ministers has asked NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender, to coordinate the project Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region. The aim of the project is to shed light on and analyse part-time work in the Nordic region, develop reports and arrange conferences. During the Swedish presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2013, the project identified how part-time work affects the economic resources of women and men. This first report presents statistics on full- and part-time work and compares the effects of part-time work on pensions in the Nordic countries. Marianne Sundström, professor of labour economics at Stockholm University, and Alma Lanninger Wennemo, Master’s student at Stockholm University, wrote the report on a request by NIKK.

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Author(s):
Nordic Council of Ministers

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In this report we have described the labour market and economic situation of female and male part-time workers in the Nordic countries. We began by presenting trends in full-time and part-time work among employed women and men 25–64 years old in the Nordic countries for the period 1995–2012. We saw a well-known gender difference; part-time work is much more common among women than among men in all countries and the difference is smallest in Finland. Over the period studied, the fraction working part time among employed women has declined in all countries, except in Finland. For men, by contrast, the percentages have risen slightly in the last decade and do not vary as much across countries as among women. Thus, if the gender difference in part-time work is considered an equality problem, at least it is a decreasing one.