Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes

ISSN :
1997-6844 (online)
ISSN :
1997-6836 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/19976844
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Improving the performance of youths in the labour market is a crucial challenge in OECD countries facing persistent youth unemployment. This series includes, for each subject country:  an examination of the the school-to-work transition process, a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people, an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school-to-work, and a set of policy recommendations for further action by the public authorities and social partners.
Also available in: French
 
Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes: France 2009

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
30 July 2009
Pages :
210
ISBN :
9789264061958 (PDF) ; 9789264061941 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264061958-en

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First experiences on the labour market have a profound influence on later working life. This report on France contains a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people, an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school-to-work, and a set of policy recommendations for further action by the public authorities and social partners.
Also available in: French

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    Foreword and Abbreviations
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    Summary and Main Recommendations / Résumé et principales recommandations
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    Introduction
    Improving the outlook for youth employment is a major concern in the OECD countries. In many countries, the declining number of young people in the workforce and the ageing of the population have not led to improvements in the outlook for youth employment, and the economic downturn in 2008 has severely affected the most vulnerable youth. It is thus indispensable that young people have the skills required on the labour market and that countries develop efficient mechanisms to facilitate a sustainable transition from school to work.
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    The challenge ahead
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    Initial education and on-the-job training
    The quality of initial education is a key determinant of the success of the school-to-work transition and of the subsequent career path of the young new entrant. Likewise, on-the-job training at the start of the working life helps to round out the knowledge acquired during schooling and to acquire the skills required on the labour market. This chapter raises the following question: does the initial education of French youth provide a good start for a successful career? After a brief description of the structure of the educational system (Section 1), the chapter presents different performance indicators for the educational system (Section 2) and for the school-to-work transition (Section 3). It then examines the main strategies used to improve the school-to-work transition, and in particular to reduce early schoolleaving (Section 3). Finally, the work situations of young people during their studies are considered, as well as opportunities for training young workers on the job (Sections 4 and 5).
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    Demand-side barriers to youth employment
    To the extent that France’s performance with regard to youth entering the labour market was not as good as the other OECD countries, even in periods of the greatest economic growth, demand-side barriers must be playing a role, all else being equal. This could involve not only the relative level of youth wages, but also the institutional framework that sets hiring conditions and contract terms. While business demand for the labour of young new entrants tends to fall during economic crises, nevertheless, in the medium and longer-term, shortages of skilled labour in certain sectors and certain occupations can have an impact on the employment prospects and careers of young people. The purpose of this chapter is to take a look at the main demand-side barriers to youth employment and to identify a certain number of factors that could improve the situation in France.
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    Passive and active labour-market policies to mobilise young people into work
    In many OECD countries, youth who take their first steps into the labour market often face frequent periods of unemployment interspersed with short-term jobs. There is also a group of "youth left behind" who risk longterm exclusion from the labour market. Job assistance thus needs to be targeted at these two groups of youth. This chapter seeks to determine whether employment measures effectively help mobilise young people into work, and whether they are well targeted at the youth who need them most. Furthermore, in the current economic situation, if additional measures are taken to help young people hit by the crisis, they should concentrate on what works. Section 1 first highlights certain characteristics of French youth in comparison with the other OECD countries.
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    Annex A
    The significance of the socio-demographic handicaps suffered by certain youth as presented in Chapter 1 (Section 1.G) has been confirmed by an "all else being equal" analysis.
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    Bibliography
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