Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes

ISSN :
1997-6844 (online)
ISSN :
1997-6836 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/19976844
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Improving the performance of youths in the labour market is a crucial challenge in OECD countries facing persistent youth unemployment. This series includes, for each subject country:  an examination of the the school-to-work transition process, a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people, an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school-to-work, and a set of policy recommendations for further action by the public authorities and social partners.
Also available in: French
 
Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes: Australia 2009

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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/8109051e.pdf
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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
20 Apr 2009
Pages :
150
ISBN :
9789264060203 (PDF) ; 9789264060197 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264060203-en

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Whatever the level of qualification, first experiences on the labour market have a profound influence on later working life. Getting off to a good start facilitates integration and lays the foundation for a good career, while a failure can be difficult to make up.

This report contains - for Australia - a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people, an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school-to-work, as well as a set of policy recommendations for further action.

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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/employment/jobs-for-youth-des-emplois-pour-les-jeunes-australia-2009/summary-and-main-recommendations-introduction_9789264060203-2-en
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    Summary and Main Recommendations - Introduction
    In the immediate future, rising youth unemployment will be a major concern for Australian policymakers. The world is currently facing a severe economic crisis that is affecting Australia and worsening the labour market prospects of many of its citizens. However, past experience suggests that in Australia, like in most other OECD countries, any deterioration in labour market conditions is disproportionally felt by the youth.
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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/employment/jobs-for-youth-des-emplois-pour-les-jeunes-australia-2009/the-challenge-ahead_9789264060203-3-en
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    The Challenge ahead
    Until very recently, the Australian economy was still reaping the benefits of one of the longest spells (17 years) of uninterrupted growth of its history. During the most recent years, the growth rate of GDP exceeded 3%. Such a good macro-economic performance, partially driven by the strong expansion of the mining and construction sectors, has translated into many job opportunities for youth.
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    Initial education and on-the-job training
    Good-quality initial education is crucial in facilitating the transition from school to work and putting youth on a successful career track. Also, on-the-job training at the beginning of active life allows young people to fill the gaps in school-based education and acquire the skills required by firms.
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    Demand-side opportunities and barriers
    Although education and training policies are central elements of any long-term effective strategy for improving youth labour market prospects, a comprehensive policy framework has to pay attention to the opportunities and constraints on the labour market. It must pay particular attention to the labour market arrangements and institutions and their impact on the demand for young people, particularly those with no or limited education or lacking labour market experience.
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    The role of welfare and activation policies
    Australia has an excellent record in terms of school-to-work transition, as several indicators of Chapter 1 suggest. For some youth, however, the first steps after leaving school are still characterised by the experience of unemployment synonymous with spells of income support (or inactivity). There is also some evidence of repetitive use (churning) of income support among unemployed youth.
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