Europe and the Nordic Collective-Bargaining Model
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Europe and the Nordic Collective-Bargaining Model

The Complex Interaction between Nordic and European Labour Law

One of the special features of the Nordic countries is that the determination of wages and working conditions is largely left up to the negotiations between the social partners. The purpose of this report is to illuminate a number of the challenges faced by the labour-law systems of the Nordic countries in the light of an increasingly well-developed European law system.The first part of the report was prepared by Dr. Jur. Jens Kristiansen, the editor-in-chief, and focuses on a number of the general challenges facing the labour-law systems of the Nordic countries in the form of European rules and court decisions.The second part of the report was prepared by various representatives of employer and employee organisations in the Nordic countries and illustrates some of the challenges faced by the social partners in their interaction with the European court system and the way in which these challenges have been addressed in the individual countries.

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Foreword You do not have access to this content

English
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Author(s):
Nordic Council of Ministers

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The Nordic model is unique, with its strong independent social partners, high rates of trade-union membership and extensive labour-market regulation through collective agreements. It is above all unique from a broader European and international perspective. It is a flexible model that has developed depending on the preconditions of each Nordic country. In Iceland and Finland, the collective agreements concluded by the social partners have general applicability, in Denmark and Sweden, the labour market is characterised by the freedom and right to conclude collective agreements, while in Norway, a combination of the two systems prevails. The Nordic model is the fundamental basis for achieving the goals on economic, social and ecological development, growth and welfare. The combination of strong welfare systems, flexible collective bargaining models and increasingly green companies and operations promotes growth and reinforces Nordic competiveness.

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