OECD Reviews on Local Job Creation

2311-2336 (online)
2311-2328 (print)
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With the rising economic importance of human resources and skills, employment and training agencies are now often expected to play a more important role in local strategies to support new job creation, facilitate restructuring and increase productivity. The OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme has developed a series of Reviews on Local Job Creation to examine the contribution of local labour market policy to boosting quality employment and enhancing productivity.

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Employment and Skills Strategies in Slovenia

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04 Sep 2017
9789264278929 (PDF) ; 9789264278981 (EPUB) ;9789264278912(print)

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This report takes a case study approach, analysing the management and implementation of policies in the Drava and South-East regions of Slovenia. It provides a comparative framework to understand the role of the local labour market policy in matching people to jobs, engaging employers in skills development activities, as well as fostering new growth and economic development opportunities. It includes practical policy examples of actions taken in Slovenia to help workers find better quality jobs, while also stimulating productivity and inclusion.

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  • Preface

    While Slovenia was severely hit by the global financial crisis, the government responded with a number of reforms aimed at supporting domestic growth and demand. Labour market conditions are improving and the economic recovery that started to take effect in 2014 has helped to bring unemployment down to 8.0% in 2016 from a peak of 10% in 2013. However, vulnerabilities remain in the labour market, particularly in view of the low participation rate of older workers and the prevalence of skills shortages and mismatches in certain occupations. For these reasons, implementing effective employment and skills strategies at the local level is key to stimulate inclusive growth and generate more and better quality jobs for all Slovenians.

  • Foreword

    This report was prepared as part of the Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme within the Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Local Development, and Tourism (CFE) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). It has been undertaken in co‐operation with the Slovenian Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities. Special thanks should be given to Ms Urška Kovač-Zlobko, within this Ministry as well as Mr Gorazd Jenko within the Government Office for Development and EU Cohesion Policy for their contributions to this report and participation in the OECD study visits.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    Relative to other OECD countries, Slovenia compares well on most economic, education and social measures. The 2008 crisis revealed a number of vulnerabilities in the economy, putting significant downward pressure on growth and prosperity. Since then, the government has responded with a number of important measures to stimulate job creation and productivity. Yet Slovenia still faces labour market challenges, related to the low participation rate of older workers, and the prevalence of skills shortages and mismatches in certain occupations.

  • Reader's guide

    The Local Job Creation project involves a series of country reviews in Australia, Belgium (Flanders), Canada (Ontario and Quebec), Czech Republic, France, Ireland, Israel, Italy (Autonomous Province of Trento), Korea, Poland, Sweden, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States (California and Michigan). The key stages of each review are summarised in .

  • Policy context for employment and skills in Slovenia

    This chapter provides an overview of the general economic situation in Slovenia and the most recent macroeconomic developments as well as their impact on labour market trends. Slovenia was one of the most profoundly hit economies in the 2008 downturn primarily because of its high reliance on export demand as well an unsustainable model of debt-financed investment and consumption demand. In 2015, unemployment was roughly twice as high compared to 2008. As the crisis continued, labour market outcomes, including long-term and youth unemployment, deteriorated. The government implemented a number of measures to directly support “keeping jobs” as well as tackle unemployment-related problems via active and passive labour market measures.

  • Overview of the Slovenian case study areas

    In-depth field work has been undertaken for this study in the South-East Slovenia and Drava regions, both of which are located in Eastern Slovenia. This chapter provides details about the general economic development and employment outcomes in both regions which differ in terms of industrial structure as well as labour market challenges.

  • Local Job Creation dashboard findings in Slovenia

    This chapter presents the results from the OECD’s local job creation dashboard, which was applied to Slovenia. The results are presented to compare how Drava and South-east Slovenia are managing and implementing programmes along the following dimensions: 1) better aligning of policies and programmes to local employment development, 2) adding value through skills, 3) targeting policy to local employment sectors and investing in quality jobs, and 4) inclusion.

  • Towards an action plan for jobs in Slovenia: Recommendations and best practices

    Stimulating job creation at the local level requires integrated action across the employment, training, and economic development portfolios. Co-ordinated place-based policies can help workers find suitable jobs, while also contributing to demand by stimulating productivity. This requires flexible policy management frameworks, information, and integrated partnerships which leverage the efforts of local stakeholders. This chapter outlines the key recommendations that have emerged from the OECD Review of Local Job Creation in Slovenia.

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