OECD Reviews on Local Job Creation

ISSN :
2311-2336 (online)
ISSN :
2311-2328 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/23112336
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The Local Job Creation series focuses on the role of local employment and training agencies in contributing to job creation and productivity. It explores how OECD countries are putting measures in place at the local level to stimulate quality employment, social inclusion and growth.

 
Employment and Skills Strategies in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
18 Apr 2014
Pages :
88
ISBN :
9789264208872 (PDF) ; 9789264208865 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264208872-en

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This book focuses on the role of employment and training agencies in contributing to job creation and productivity in Northern Ireland. It explores how Northern Ireland is  implementing labour market and skills policy and putting measures in place at the local level to stimulate quality employment, inclusion and growth.

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    Preface and Acknowledgements

    Across the OECD, policy-makers are grappling with a critical question: how to create jobs? The recent financial crisis and economic downturn has had serious consequences across most OECD countries, with rising unemployment rates and jobs being lost across many sectors. Indeed, for some countries, the effects the downturn brought with it are continuing, if not amplifying. Shrinking public budgets in some countries also mean that policy makers must now do more with less. In this context, it is necessary to think laterally about how actions in one area, such as employment and training, can have simultaneous benefits in others, such as creating new jobs and better supporting labour market inclusion.

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    Acronyms and abbreviations
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    Executive summary

    Northern Ireland remains one of the most disadvantaged regions in the United Kingdom with a low level of labour productivity and a high number of economically inactive individuals. Youth unemployment, which has more than doubled since 2008, alongside high rates of unemployment among older workers (up by some 184%) also represent significant labour market challenges.

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    Reader's guide

    The OECD Local Job Creation project involves a series of country reviews in Australia, Belgium (Flanders), Canada (Ontario and Quebec), Czech Republic, France, Ireland, Israel, Italy (Autonomous Province of Trento), Korea, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States (California and Michigan). The key stages of each review are summarised in .

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    Policy context for employment and skills in Northern Ireland

    This chapter provides an overview of Northern Ireland’s employment and skills system. While there are encouraging signs of growth in Northern Ireland, it lags behind other regions in the United Kingdom on some key employment and economic indicators. In order to build a strong exporting economy, the government has emphasised the importance of skills within Success through Skills – Transforming Futures.

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    Overview of the Northern Ireland case study area

    To better understand the role of the local level in contributing to job creation and productivity, this study examined local activities in the Belfast region. The area faces unique employment and labour market challenges, which affects its growth and competitiveness. This chapter provides a labour market and economic overview of the region as well as the results from an OECD LEED statistical tool which looks at the relationship between skills supply and demand at the sub-national level.

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    Local Job Creation Dashboard findings in Northern Ireland

    This chapter highlights findings from the local job creation dashboard in Northern Ireland. The findings are discussed through the four thematic areas of the review: 1) better aligning policies and programmes to local employment development; 2) adding value through skills; 3) targeting policy to local employment sectors and investing in quality jobs; and 4) inclusion.

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    Towards an action plan for jobs in Northern Ireland: Recommendations and best practices

    Stimulating job creation at the local level requires integrated actions across the employment, training, and economic development portfolios. Co-ordinated place-based policies can help workers find suitable jobs, while also contributing to shaping the demand, thereby stimulating job creation and productivity. This requires flexible policy management frameworks, information, and integrated partnerships which leverage the efforts of employment, training, and economic development stakeholders. This chapter outlines the key recommendations emerging from the review of local job creation policies in Northern Ireland.

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