OECD Reviews on Local Job Creation

2311-2336 (online)
2311-2328 (print)
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With the rising economic importance of human resources and skills, employment and training agencies are now often expected to play a more important role in local strategies to support new job creation, facilitate restructuring and increase productivity. The OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme has developed a series of Reviews on Local Job Creation to examine the contribution of local labour market policy to boosting quality employment and enhancing productivity.

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Employment and Skills Strategies in Canada

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11 June 2014
9789264209374 (PDF) ;9789264209367(print)

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This report delivers evidence-based and practical recommendations on how to better support employment and economic development in Canada. It builds on sub-national data analysis and consultations with local stakeholders in four case study areas across Ontario and Quebec. It provides a comparative framework to understand the role of the local level in contributing to more and better quality jobs. The report can help federal, provincial, local policy makers in Canada build effective and sustainable partnerships at the local level, which join-up efforts and achieve stronger outcomes across employment, training, and economic development policies. Co-ordinated policies can help workers find suitable jobs, while also stimulating entrepreneurship and productivity, which increases the quality of life and prosperity within a community as well as throughout the country.

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  • Preface and Acknowledgements

    Across the OECD, policy makers are grappling with a critical question: how to create more and better-quality jobs? The recent financial crisis and economic downturn have had serious consequences across most OECD countries, with rising unemployment rates and jobs being lost across many sectors. Indeed, for some countries, the effects the downturn brought with it are continuing, if not amplifying. Shrinking public budgets in some countries also mean that policy makers must now do more with less. In this context, it is necessary to think laterally about how actions in one area, such as employment and training, can have simultaneous benefits in others, such as creating new jobs and better supporting labour market inclusion.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    While the global recession placed significant pressure on the Canadian economy, the impact was mild compared to other OECD countries. That said, growth remains modest, and a number of groups, including the long-term unemployed, youth, women, disabled persons, immigrants and older workers, face a number of barriers to re-entering the labour market. Employment and training policies must continue to seek ways to activate these groups, while promoting economic growth and productivity.

  • Reader's guide

    The OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) programme has developed an international comparative project to assess the contribution of labour market policy to boosting quality employment and productivity. The project involves a series of country reviews, in Australia, Belgium (Flanders), Canada (Ontario and Quebec), Czech Republic, France, Ireland, Israel, Italy (Autonomous Province of Trento), Korea, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States (California and Michigan). The key stages of each review are summarised in Box 1.

  • Policy context for employment and skills in Canada

    Canada found itself in an enviable position following the global financial crisis but growth remains fragile. The pace of job creation has slowed and unemployment remains stubbornly high in some provinces. Potential mismatches in the labour market may also be leading to the sub-optimal use of skills, which could have longer term implications for productivity.

  • Ontario's employment and skills system

    This chapter provides an overview of Ontario’s employment and training system. Ontario is Canada’s largest province in terms of population and overall economic activity. Employment and training policies are managed by the Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities. Employment services are delivered through Employment Ontario, which is a network of locally based outsourced service providers. The training system is highly developed and Ontario’s community colleges play a significant role in supporting local economic development through their responsiveness to employers.

  • Quebec's employment and skills system

    This chapter provides an overview of Quebec’s employment and training system. Quebec is a significant contributor to Canada’s economic activity and the second largest province in the country. The Ministry of Employment and Social Solidarity (Ministère de l’Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale) is responsible for active labour market policies, which promote employment preparation and labour-market entry. The Ministry also plays a lead role in assisting individuals who are on social assistance.

  • Overview of the Canadian case study areas

    To better understand the role of the local level in contributing to job creation and productivity, this study examines local activities in four case study areas across Ontario and Quebec: 1) Hamilton, Ontario; 2) Thunder Bay, Ontario; 3) Mauricie, Quebec; and 4) Estrie, Quebec.

  • Local job creation dashboard findings in Canada

    This chapter highlights findings from the local job creation dashboard in Ontario and Quebec. The findings are discussed through the four thematic areas of the study: 1) better aligning policies and programmes to local employment development; 2) adding value through skills; 3) targeting policy to local employment sectors and investing in quality jobs; and 4) inclusion.

  • Towards an action plan for jobs in Canada: Recommendations and best practices

    Stimulating job creation at the local level requires integrated actions across employment, training, and economic development portfolios. Co-ordinated placebased policies can help workers find suitable jobs, while also contributing to demand by stimulating productivity. This requires flexible policy management frameworks, information, and integrated partnerships which leverage the efforts of local stakeholders. This chapter outlines the key recommendations emerging from the review of local job creation policies in Canada, including Ontario and Quebec.

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