Ageing and Employment Policies

1990-1011 (online)
1990-102X (print)
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People today are living longer than ever before, while birth rates are dropping in the majority of OECD countries. Such demographics raise the question: are current public social expenditures adequate and sustainable? Older workers play a crucial role in the labour market. Now that legal retirement ages are rising, fewer older workers are retiring early, but at the same time those older workers who have lost their job after the age of 50 have tended to remain in long term unemployment.  What can countries do to help? How can they give older people better work incentives and opportunities? These reports offer analysis and assessment on what the best policies are for fostering employability, job mobility and labour demand at an older age.

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Ageing and Employment Policies/Vieillissement et politiques de l'emploi: United States 2005

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26 Apr 2005
9789264009608 (PDF) ;9789264009592(print)

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In the face of rapid population ageing and the trend towards early retirement, there is a need to promote better employment opportunities for older people. This report on the United States, part of a series of around 20 OECD country reports, examines the demographic and economic challenges facing social security as well as the scope for raising labour force participation of older workers.  It also looks at barriers to retention and hiring of older workers and measures to improve employability including education and training.   This report includes a series of recommendations and  is based on the proceedings of a seminar.  It is published in English only.

"An excellent report putting retirement in an international perspective."

-John Rother, AARP

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Table of Contents

Executive Summary and Recommendations
Chapter 1. The Challenge Ahead
-Demographic Trends
-TheEconomic Challenge
Chapter 2. A Profile of Older Workers
-Is There Scope to Raise Labour Force Participation?
-Large Variation in Labour Market Outcomes
-Job Security: A Mixed Picture
Chapter 3. Sustaining Social Security and Enhancing Employment
-Social Protection in the United States
-The Sustainability of the Social Security System
-Social Security, Retirement, and Work Incentives
-Poverty and Income Adequaty in Retirement
-Dealing with Disability Insurance
-Policy Alternatives - Towards and Balanced Approach
-Annex 3.A. Social Security Reform Proposals
Chapter 4. Removing Barriers to Retention and Hiring
-Barriers to Retention and Hiring
-Technological Change
-Measures which have Encouraged Greater Retention
-Areas for Further Action
Chapter 5. Better Access to Better Jobs
-From Old Skils to New Skills: The Importance of Training
-Public Employment Programmes and Older Job Seekers
-Working-Time Arrangements, Working Conditions and Health
-Measure to Improve Employability
Chapter 6. Ensuring Policies are Comprehensive and Coherent
-Policy Coordination and Coherency
-Getting the Economic Fundamentals Right
-Directions for Policy

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