OECD Skills Studies

English
ISSN: 
2307-8731 (online)
ISSN: 
2307-8723 (print)
DOI: 
10.1787/23078731
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There is a shift from formal education to a broader perspective that includes a range of hard and soft skills people need to acquire over their lifetime in order to succeed in the labour market. Workers, students, parents, employers, education providers and government agencies now need reliable information on how supply and demand for skills evolve.

The OECD Skills Studies series aims to provide a strategic approach to skills policies. It presents OECD internationally comparable indicators and policy analysis covering issues such as: quality of education and curricula; transitions from school to work; vocational education and training (VET); employment and unemployment; innovative workplace learning; entrepreneurship; brain drain and migrants; and skills matching with job requirements.

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The Survey of Adult Skills

The Survey of Adult Skills

Reader's Companion, Second Edition You or your institution have access to this content

English
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/8716021e.pdf
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Author(s):
OECD
28 June 2016
Pages:
128
ISBN:
9789264258075 (PDF) ;9789264258068(print)
DOI: 
10.1787/9789264258075-en

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In the wake of the technological revolution that began in the last decades of the 20th century, labour market demand for information-processing and other high-level cognitive and interpersonal skills is growing substantially. The Survey of Adult Skills, a product of the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), was designed to provide insights into the availability of some of these key skills in society and how they are used at work and at home. The first survey of its kind, it directly measures proficiency in several information-processing skills – namely literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments.

The Survey of Adult Skills: Reader’s Companion, Second Edition describes the design and methodology of the survey and its relationship to other international assessments of young students and adults. It is a companion volume to Skills Matter: Further Results from the Survey of Adult Skills. Skills Matter reports results from the 24 countries and regions that participated in the first round of the survey in 2011-12 (first published in OECD Skills Outlook 2013: First Results from the Survey of Adult Skills) and from the nine additional countries that participated in the second round in 2014-15 (Chile, Greece, Indonesia [Jakarta], Israel, Lithuania, New Zealand, Singapore, Slovenia and Turkey).

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  • Foreword and acknowledgements

    In a world in which millions of people are unemployed while many employers complain that they cannot find qualified workers something is obviously out of balance. One of those issues is the match between the supply of and demand for skills. Governments need a clearer picture, not only of how labour markets are changing, but of how wellequipped their citizens are to participate in, and benefit from, increasingly knowledge-based economies. The Survey of Adult Skills, a product of the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), is providing that picture. It captures information about adults’ proficiency in literacy, numeracy and problem-solving skills, and whether and how those skills are used on the job and throughout life.

  • Introduction

    This companion volume to the international reports presenting results for the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) (OECD, 2013 and 2016) offers an overview of the "what" and "how" of the Survey of Adult Skills, a product of the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies, or PIAAC. Its primary objective is to help readers to understand and interpret the results from the survey. To this end, it explains, in a non-technical way, the methodologies underpinning the design of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and operational aspects of the survey, such as sampling, data collection and response rates, and how results are reported.

  • What the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) measures

    This chapter describes the approach used by the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and some of the key features of the survey. It then discusses the content, cognitive processes and contexts applicable to the three domains assessed: literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments. Sample items are also provided.

  • The background questionnaire of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC)

    This chapter describes the questionnaire that is part of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). The questionnaire collects information on the basic demographic characteristics of respondents; educational attainment and participation; labour force status and employment; social outcomes; the use of literacy, numeracy and ICT skills at work and in everyday life; and the use of a range of other skills at work.

  • The methodology of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and the quality of data

    This chapter focuses on how the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) was designed, managed and conducted. It discusses the target population, exclusions from the survey, sample size, response rates, and how the survey was scored.

  • Reporting the results of the Survey

    This chapter examines the proficiency levels used to report the results of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). It provides information on the languages used and how results were reported in countries/economies that conducted the survey in more than one language.

  • Relationship of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to other international skills surveys

    This chapter examines the relationship between the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and previous international skills surveys, notably the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS) and the Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey (ALL). It also discusses the differences and similarities between the Survey of Adult Skills and the Literacy Assessment and Monitoring Programme (LAMP) of UNESCO and the STEP Measurement Study, conducted by the World Bank.

  • Relationship between the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)

    This chapter explains how the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) are related. Although there are similarities between the two in how skills are defined, there are significant differences between the two assessments, including the target populations and the measures used to assess skills.

  • The Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and "key competencies"

    This chapter discusses the evolution of the concept of "key competencies" and how the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) defines the term.

  • The Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and the measurement of human capital

    This chapter briefly discusses the concept of "human capital" and examines the extent to which the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) assesses some of its components. It also compares the strengths and weaknesses of using direct measures of skills, such as those afforded by the Survey of Adult Skills, with those of using educational attainment to assess human capital.

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