Reviews of National Policies for Education

English
ISSN: 
1990-0198 (online)
ISSN: 
1563-4914 (print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/19900198
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Reviews of National Policies for Education offer customised, in-depth analysis and advice to assist policy makers in developing and implementing education policy. Individual reviews can focus on a specific policy area, a particular level of education or a country’s entire education system. These reviews are conducted at the request of the country concerned.

Also available in French, Spanish
 
Reviews of National Policies for Education: Romania 2000

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English
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Author(s):
OECD
29 May 2000
Pages:
172
ISBN:
9789264181731 (PDF) ;9789264176355(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264181731-en

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Reform of education, training and human resource development is an integral part of the transition to a democratic society and market economy. Romania has made progress in all these areas since reform began in 1990. Still, the real impetus for change is more recent and can be dated to the publication of The Reform of Education Now by the Ministry of National Education in 1997. The Ministry’s challenge has been to promote and support changes that meet the needs of the new economy and society as well as the interests of all young people and adults, in the face of a shortage of financial and human resources. The book first gives a brief history of education in Romania and describes the development of education in the country since the political changes. It then presents an analysis of the entire education system and identifies key directions for the reinforcement of the reforms in light of the challenges faced by officials, communities, enterprises, educators, parents and students under very dynamic and uncertain conditions. It concludes with a set of key recommendations on education goals and the transition; learning effectiveness, outcomes and the curriculum; management and governance for flexibility, responsiveness and change; and resources and financing. This review will be very useful to both Romanian professionals and their international counterparts.

Also available in French
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Table of Contents

PART I. BACKGROUND REPORT
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Chapter 1. Actors and Functions: The Romanian Education System at Present
-Ministry of Finance
-Ministry of National Education
-School Directors
-Teachers' Board
-Administrative Council
-Chief Accountant
-Budget Centre
-School Inspectorate
-Local Public Authorities
-Teachers' Unions
Chapter 2. Distribution of Responsibilities
-School Infrastructure
-Personnel
-Curriculum
-Textbooks and Materials
-Enrolment
-Quality Control
-Financial Administration and Control
-Vocational Education and Training
-Financing Public Education
Chapter 3. Internal Contradictions
-The Ad-Hocracy: Many Rules, Poor Accountability
-A Culture Resistant to Change
-Remaining Gaps: Training and Educational Equity
Chapter 4. Many Problems, Few Solutions: Suggestions for Reform
-Introduction
-Decentralisation: One Ingredient
-Public Corporations: Self-Governance of Educational Communities
-The Regional Level: Quality Assurance and Support Institutions
-Modernising Managerial Systems and Procedures
-The Role of the Centre
PART II. EXAMINERS' REPORT 
Introduction
Chapter 1. The Romanian Educational system: Context and Description
-Structure
-Demographic Context
-Economic Context
-Policies and Priorities
-Finance
Chapter 2. Pre-School Education
-Structure and Enrolments
-Curriculum and Instructional Materials
-Teachers
-Assessment and Evaluation
-Management and Finance
-Recommendations
Chapter 3. Compulsory Education
-Structure and Enrolments
-Curriculum and Instructional Materials
-Teachers
-Assessment and Evaluation
-Mangement and Finance
-Recommendations
Chapter 4. Upper Secondary Education
-Structure and Enrolments
-Curriculum and Instructional Materials
-Teachers
-Assessment and Evaluation
-Management and Finance
-Recommendations
Chapter 5. Vocational Education and Training
-Structure and Enrolments
-Curriculum and Instructional Materials
-Teachers
-Assessment and Evaluation
-Management and Finance
-Recommendations
Chapter 6. Tertiary Education
-Structure and Enrolments
-Curriculum and Instructional Materials
-Teachers
-Assessment and Evaluation
-Management and Finance
-Recommendations
Chapter 7. Development of Human Resources for the Education System
-Introduction
-Management Training
-Teacher Training
-Recommendations
Chapter 8. Summary Issues and Recommendation
-Introduction
-Summary Issues
-Key Thematic Recommendations
Bibliography

 
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