PISA in Focus

Does the quality of learning outcomes fall when education expands to include more disadvantaged students?
ISSN: 
2226-0919 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/22260919
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PISA in Focus is a series of monthly education policy-oriented notes designed to describe a PISA topic in a concise, user-friendly way.
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Page: 1 (N° 75) , 2 (N° 25)
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  N° 25   01 Feb 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4bwpbqrz9s-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/are-countries-moving-towards-more-equitable-education-systems_5k4bwpbqrz9s-en
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Are Countries Moving Towards More Equitable Education Systems?
OECD
PISA results show that no country or economy has reached the goal of creating a completely equitable education system, but some are much closer than others.Some countries and economies have shown that improvements in equity can be achieved at the...
  N° 24   01 Jan 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4c78mk3g6f-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/what-do-students-think-about-school_5k4c78mk3g6f-en
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What Do Students Think About School?
OECD
Most students think that what they learned in school is useful for them or their future. Students’ attitudes towards school are associated with their reading skills. Students who report that the climate at their school is conducive to learning tend...
  N° 23   01 Dec 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4c78mmxchb-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/what-do-students-expect-to-do-after-finishing-upper-secondary-school_5k4c78mmxchb-en
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What Do Students Expect To Do After Finishing Upper Secondary School?
OECD
The percentage of students who expect to complete university is highest in Korea (80%) and lowest in Latvia (25%).Many high-performing students do not expect to go to university, representing potentially lost talent to an economy and society while...
  N° 22   01 Nov 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8zpcj3qnxt-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/how-do-immigrant-students-fare-in-disadvantaged-schools_5k8zpcj3qnxt-en
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How Do Immigrant Students Fare in Disadvantaged Schools?
OECD
Immigrant students often have to overcome multiple barriers at once in order to succeed at school. Across most OECD countries, poor performance among immigrant students relative to other students is strongly related to social disadvantage at school,...
  N° 21   01 Oct 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k918xhzk88t-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/do-today-s-15-year-olds-feel-environmentally-responsible_5k918xhzk88t-en
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Do Today's 15-Year-Olds Feel Environmentally Responsible?
OECD
Most 15-year-olds in OECD countries have some understanding of environmental issues and feel that threats to the environment are a serious concern for them and/or for other people in their country.Scientific understanding of the environment is key if...
  N° 20   01 Sep 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k91d4jp42s7-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/are-school-vouchers-associated-with-equity-in-education_5k91d4jp42s7-en
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Are School Vouchers Associated with Equity in Education?
OECD
Privately managed schools tend to attract more advantaged student populations; but the difference between the socio-economic profiles of public and private schools is narrowed when privately managed schools receive higher levels of public funding.The...
  N° 19   01 Aug 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k91d4jrld9q-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/is-there-really-such-a-thing-as-a-second-chance-in-education_5k91d4jrld9q-en
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Is there really such a Thing as a “Second Chance” in Education?
OECD
While the reading proficiency of Canadian 15-year-olds closely predicts reading proficiency at age 24, young adults can shape their reading skills after the end of compulsory schooling.In the transition to young adulthood, reading skills generally...
  N° 18   01 July 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k961l4ccczt-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/are-students-more-engaged-when-schools-offer-extracurricular-activities_5k961l4ccczt-en
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Are Students More Engaged When Schools Offer Extracurricular Activities?
OECD
Science project. The very phrase is nearly synonymous with hands-on learning, learning-by-doing, collaboration. Are students more engaged and do they perform better in science if their school encourages them to work on science projects, participate...
  N° 17   01 June 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k962hdqjflr-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/are-large-cities-educational-assets-or-liabilities_5k962hdqjflr-en
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Are Large Cities Educational Assets or Liabilities?
OECD
Large cities are generally educational assets: in most countries, performance improves dramatically when only the scores of students in urban areas are considered, although this is not the case in some countries, such as Belgium, Slovenia, the United...
  N° 16   01 May 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k98q27r2stb-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/does-performance-based-pay-improve-teaching_5k98q27r2stb-en
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Does Performance-Based Pay Improve Teaching?
OECD
PISA has long established that high-performing education systems tend to pay their teachers more. They also often prioritise the quality of teaching over other choices, including class size. But in the current budgetary climate, paying everybody more...
  N° 15   01 Apr 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9bdt3vsbf0-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/how-green-are-today-s-15-year-olds_5k9bdt3vsbf0-en
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How “Green” are Today's 15-Year-Olds?
OECD
Today's students are growing up in a precarious natural environment. Climate change and the loss of biodiversity threaten the ecosystems that support life; a lack of clean water and sanitation imperils the health of hundreds of millions of people...
  N° 14   01 Mar 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9d417g2933-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/what-kinds-of-careers-do-boys-and-girls-expect-for-themselves_5k9d417g2933-en
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What Kinds of Careers do Boys and Girls Expect for Themselves?
OECD
When you think of someone who is an engineer, do you imagine a man or a woman wearing a hardhat? How about when you imagine a teacher standing in front of a class of schoolchildren? If you answer “a man” to the first question, and “a woman” to the...
  N° 13   01 Feb 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9fhmfzc4xx-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/does-money-buy-strong-performance-in-pisa_5k9fhmfzc4xx-en
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Does Money Buy Strong Performance in PISA?
OECD
This issue will show that strong performers do not invest scarce resources in smaller classes, but in higher teachers' salaries. They are neither the countries that spend the most on education, nor are they the wealthiest countries; rather they are...
  N° 12   01 Jan 2012
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9gzj7398bw-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/are-boys-and-girls-ready-for-the-digital-age_5k9gzj7398bw-en
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Are Boys and Girls Ready for the Digital Age?
OECD
Information and communication technologies revolutionise not only the speed at which information can be transmitted, but also how information is conveyed and received. Technological innovations have a profound effect on the types of skills that are...
  N° 11   01 Dec 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362hs646-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/how-are-school-systems-adapting-to-increasing-numbers-of-immigrant-students_5k9h362hs646-en
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How Are School Systems Adapting to Increasing Numbers of Immigrant Students?
OECD
Whether in flight from conflict, with the hope of building a better life, or to seize a social or economic opportunity, people have been crossing borders for as long as there have been borders to cross. Modern means of transportation and...
  N° 10   01 Nov 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362jdgnq-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/what-can-parents-do-to-help-their-children-succeed-in-school_5k9h362jdgnq-en
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What Can Parents Do to Help Their Children Succeed in School?
OECD
Most parents know, instinctively, that spending more time with their children and being actively involved in their education will give their children a good head-start in life. But as many parents have to juggle competing demands at work and at home,...
  N° 9   01 Oct 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362kcx9w-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/school-autonomy-and-accountability_5k9h362kcx9w-en
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School Autonomy and Accountability
OECD
In recent years, many schools have grown into more autonomous organisations and have become more accountable to students, parents and the public at large for their outcomes. PISA results suggest that, when autonomy and accountability are...
  N° 8   01 Sep 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362lhw32-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/do-students-today-read-for-pleasure_5k9h362lhw32-en
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Do Students Today Read for Pleasure?
OECD
Students who are highly engaged in a wide range of reading activities are more likely than other students to be effective learners and to perform well at school. Research also documents a strong link between reading practices, motivation and...
  N° 7   01 Aug 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362mhtkd-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/private-schools_5k9h362mhtkd-en
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Private schools
OECD
At some point in their child’s education, many parents have considered whether it would be worth the expense to enrol their child in a private school. For parents, private schools may offer a particular kind of instruction that is not available in...
  N° 6   01 July 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362n5z45-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/when-students-repeat-grades-or-are-transferred-out-of-school_5k9h362n5z45-en
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When Students Repeat Grades or Are Transferred Out of School
OECD
School systems handle the challenges of diverse student populations in different ways. Some countries have non-selective and comprehensive school systems that seek to provide all students with similar opportunities, leaving it to individual schools...
  N° 5   01 June 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362p77tf-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/how-do-some-students-overcome-their-socio-economic-background_5k9h362p77tf-en
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How Do Some Students Overcome Their Socio-Economic Background?
OECD
Are socio-economically disadvantaged students condemned to perpetuate an intergenerational cycle of poor academic achievement, poor job prospects and poverty? Not if they attend schools that provide them with more regular classes. Resilient students...
  N° 4   01 May 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362q5ng4-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/has-discipline-in-school-deteriorated_5k9h362q5ng4-en
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Has Discipline in School Deteriorated?
OECD
Classrooms and schools with more disciplinary problems are less conducive to learning, since teachers have to spend more time creating an orderly environment before instruction can begin. Interruptions in the classroom disrupt students’ concentration...
  N° 3   01 Apr 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362rftmq-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/does-investing-in-after-school-classes-pay-off_5k9h362rftmq-en
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Does Investing in After-School Classes Pay Off?
OECD
With all the competition to get into the right universities to secure the best jobs, secondary school students are often encouraged to take after-school classes in subjects already taught in school to help them improve their performance – even if...
  N° 2   01 Mar 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362shtlr-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/improving-performance-leading-from-the-bottom_5k9h362shtlr-en
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Improving Performance: Leading from the Bottom
OECD
Since the PISA 2000 and 2009 surveys both focused on reading, one can track in detail how student reading performance has changed over that period. Among the 26 OECD countries with comparable results in both assessments, Chile, Germany, Hungary,...
  N° 1   01 Feb 2011
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h362tpvxp-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/does-participation-in-pre-primary-education-translate-into-better-learning-outcomes-at-school_5k9h362tpvxp-en
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Does Participation in Pre-Primary Education Translate into Better Learning Outcomes at School?
OECD
It’s elementary: students benefit from pre-primary education. The OECD’s PISA 2009 results show that in practically all OECD countries 15-year-old students who had attended some pre-primary school outperformed students who had not. In fact, the...
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